Types of Magnet
Magnets are things that produce a magnetic field, a force field that either draws or repels certain materials, such as nickel and iron, but what are the magnets and what are the distinct magnet kinds? We offer you all you need to understand about the magnet kinds and their strengths and utilizes. Besides, in this topic, you will learn about types of magnet.
Different Types of Magnet
Naturally, not all magnets are made up of the same elements and can, therefore, be divided into categories based on their composition and magnetism source. Permanent magnets are magnets which, once magnetized, maintain their magnetism.
Temporary magnets are material magnets that work in the presence of a magnetic field like permanent magnets, but loose magnetism when not in a magnetic field. Electromagnets are coiled wire coils that work as magnets when passing through an electrical current.
By changing the resistance of the magnet we can also change its current power and orientation. Below we overview the different magnet kinds accessible.
In the existence of a magnetic field, temporary magnets become magnetized. When the magnetic field is withdrawn, they gradually lose their magnetism. Some iron and iron alloys act as temporary magnets, as well as paper clips and nails.
Permanent magnets do not lose their magnetism readily. These magnets may be components or chemical compounds that occur naturally (“rare-earth”). Permanent magnet instances include Alnico (aluminum, nickel, and cobalt alloy) and ferrites (ceramic-like material produced from a nickel, strontium, or cobalt mixture of iron oxides).
By winding a wire into various loops around a key material, we can produce electromagnets, and we regard this structure as a solenoid. To magnetize electromagnets and to generate a magnetic field, we need to carry an electrical current through the solenoid.
The field on the inside of the coil is highest, and the field strength is proportional to the number of loops and the present power. The key material of the electromagnet at the coil center (the nucleus of the solenoid) may also influence an electromagnet’s power.
The general magnetic field will not be powerful if a wire is woven around a non-magnetic material such as a piece of wood. However, if the core is made up of ferromagnetic material like iron, the magnet’s power will improve dramatically.
So why do you classify an electromagnet as a temporary magnet? Because when the battery energy stops, the current will disappear and the magnetic field will disappear.
Applications of Magnets
Within the industrial sector, they often use magnets in the manufacture or recycling of metals as magnetic sweepers, sorters and to distinguish impure metals. Also, we use magnets in microphones, televisions, telephones, radios, and videotapes in electronic apps.
Typically, due to their severe power, we use electromagnets in televisions, pcs and telephones. In on-off systems, such as cranes also use these for a strong construction.
Permanent magnets are perhaps the most prevalent form that we use in the production of refrigerator magnets as well as in the production of jewelry. In apps that produce a transient magnetic field and involve a magnetic reaction for force-length, momentary magnets can be helpful.
Solved Question for You
Ques-1: Which one of the following magnet forms, when we use electric current in it’s making?
Answer: B. Electromagnet
Ques-2: which of the following use electromagnets?
- Both a and b
- Cabinet door
Answer: C. Both a and b