In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO CLASSES completely FREE to prevent interruption in studies
Civics > On Equality > Equality in Indian Democracy
On Equality

Equality in Indian Democracy

You must know that India is the largest democracy in the world. But what does that mean for us, its citizens? How do the concepts of democracy and equality affect our daily lives and livelihood? Let us learn about Equality and Inequality in Indian Democracy.

Suggested Videos

Play
Play
Play
Arrow
Arrow
ArrowArrow
Indian Constitution
Indian Women
Parliamentary System
Slider

 

What are Equality and Democracy?

equality

We live in India, the largest democracy in the world. This means that in India, there is a rule of the people, by the people and for the people. There are many important requirements for a country to truly be democratic and the most important is Equality for its citizens. This means that everybody is equal in the eyes of law, without any discrimination on grounds of race, religion, gender, caste, class or birth.

Equality is so important because it preserves the “dignity” of an individual. Dignity means self-respect and the respect an individual deserves from others for being a fellow human being. It is an essential and basic human right. However, this ideal case doesn’t exist. Even today, many forms of inequality exist in India.

Types of Inequality in India:

Casteism

The caste system is an ancient, age-old belief system that plagues India till today. It is a system that has divides Hindus into rigid, hierarchical occupational groups called “varna“. It considers some groups “pure” and some “impure”. This Varna system includes four Varnas- Bhramin, Kshatriya, Vaishya, and Shudra, in descending order of purity. Today also, discrimination against people of various caste groups is common in rural areas, but surprisingly, even among educated urban dwellers

Untouchability

equality and democracy

Due to the above Varna system, one of the most negative, yet unique features of India is the untouchability system. This system wrongly looks at the people from the lower castes as “impure”. Other people of higher castes used to refrain from touching them, thus calling them “untouchables“. When such cruel incidents are still seen in the news, it is an embarrassment to our country and us.

Gender Discrimination

equality and democracy

In India, traditionally, females and males were given rigid roles that they had to follow. For example, in villages, women are expected to cook, clean, bear children and raise them and men are the ones who work and earn money. The law does not allow such kind gender discrimination. Males and females are equal in the eyes of law and they must be given equal dignity and opportunities.

Class Inequality

When we look around, we can see that everyone doesn’t have equal amounts of money or resources. We hear news of a billionaire whose house costs a billion dollars, but at the same time see beggars on the roads with no food or shelter.¬†This called Class Inequality, where people of a high class have excess resources, while the majority live in poverty with no basic food, water, clothes or shelter. There is no equal distribution of resources.

Religious Discrimination

equality and democracy

It is sad to see that in some places, people who follow a different religion than most people often face discrimination. They are looked down upon, often with suspicion. India is a secular country and these practices are not allowed by law. We are all free to peacefully practise any religion we want to.

Racism

India is a diverse country with people belonging to different places. People have different cultures, food, clothes and also look different but it doesn’t mean they should be discriminated against.

We need to know that Equality is a basic human right and every human being on Earth deserves fair treatment and access to opportunities.

Solved Question for You

Q: Universal adult franchise means every adult has a right to vote irrespective of his/her

  1. Educational background
  2. Economic background
  3. Religion
  4. All of the above

Sol: The correct answer is “D”. A democratic election requires all adult nationals to be eligible to vote in the elections. This is known as Universal Adult Franchise. This allows all eligible citizens to vote without any discrimination of caste, religion, education etc.

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

Browse

On Equality
  • Equality in Indian Democracy

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of

Browse

On Equality
  • Equality in Indian Democracy

Stuck with a

Question Mark?

Have a doubt at 3 am? Our experts are available 24x7. Connect with a tutor instantly and get your concepts cleared in less than 3 steps.
toppr Code

chance to win a

study tour
to ISRO

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Get Question Papers of Last 10 Years

Which class are you in?
No thanks.