Security Features of Rupee

The currency circulation in India is controlled by the reserve bank of India. They are the highest authority for money in India. The RBI is responsible for the printing of the currency notes. The currency notes printed is from Rs. 2 to Rs. 2000. There is also one rupee note which is printed. To make the notes more secure and to avoid any fake currencies in the system, RBI is constantly trying to make the Rupee secured. They are constantly trying to add more and more security features into the Rupee notes. This article gives you the details about the various security features of Rupee.

Suggested Videos

previous arrow
next arrow
previous arrownext arrow


Security Features of New Rs. 500, Rs. 2000 Note

  1. Latent Imaging
  2. Watermark
  3. Very small letters
  4. Security Thread
  5. Fluorescence
  6. Printing in Intaglio
  7. Variable Ink


Security features of rupee


There are many security features of Rupee that the RBI has added in recent times. This article is to help you with your exams and also identify the counterfeit notes in the system.

1. Latent Imaging

When you held the note horizontally at the level of your eye you can notice a latent image. A latent image will be visible to you. This image will appear on the notes from Rs. 20 to R. 2000.

The image will be observable on the vertical band of the right side of the note. There is one portrait of Mahatma Gandhi in which this image will be found along with a denomination value of that currency.

2. Watermark

Every original thing requires a watermark. The watermark on the note appears in the form of light and shade effect. This also contains the multi-directional lines.

Learn more about Reserve Bank of India here in detail.

3. Very small letters

This feature in the Rupee notes is also known as micro-lettering. It appears between the portrait of Mahatma Gandhi and the vertical band. For 5 and 10 Rupee notes, the word RBI is written.

While for the 20 Rupee and above notes, the micro lettering of denominational value is also given. To observe these values better, you need to have a magnifying glass.

4. Security Thread

On the left of Mahatma Gandhi’s portrait, there is a security thread. This thread is plain and non-readable in nature. It is a fully embedded security thread.

For 100 and 500 Rupee notes, there are common visible features and has the word ‘Bharat’ inscribed in it.

When you held these notes in the light, you will find one continuous line.  While the other notes like 5, 10, 20, and 50 Rupee notes has a readable and fully embedded security thread. These notes also contain the word ‘Bharat” in them.

5. Fluorescence

The number of panels that appear in the Rupee notes is written in fluorescent ink. Further, these notes also have optical fibers and both of these features are visible to the naked eye when they are exposed to ultraviolet lamps.

6. Printing in Intaglio

All the images and words like the RBI seal, portrait of Mahatma Gandhi, promise and guarantee clause, the emblem of Ashoka pillar, RBI Governor’s signature, are printed with the help of intaglio. Intaglio has raised prints which can be felt even by touch. It appears in the notes from Rs. 20 to Rs. 2000.

7. Variable Ink

For 500 and 2000 Rupee notes, the numerical digits that appear on the obverse are printed in optically variable ink. This is an ink that changes colors.

When you held this notes flat, it will appear green in color, while holding the notes at an angle will appear blue in color.

Practice Questions

Q. Due to the security features of Rupee notes, what color change will be observed for 2000 rupee note, when held at an angle?

A. Green to blue               B. Blue to green                  C. Green to yellow                  D. Yellow to blue

Answer: A. Green to blue

Q. Besides the portrait of Mahatma Gandhi, what appears on the obverse side of 2000 and 500 rupee notes?

A. Red Fort            B. Parliament                 C.Emblem of Ashoka pillar             D. None of the above

Answer: C. Emblem of Ashoka pillar

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Dr. Nazma Shaik
Gaurav Tiwari
Get Started

One response to “Major Security Issues And Challenges”

  1. athena says:

    ATM stands for Automatic Teller Machine, so saying ATM Machine is as redundant as saying Chai Tea

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Customize your course in 30 seconds

No thanks.