Resources of India and World

Animal Husbandry and Fishery

Animal Husbandry and Fishery have largely practised India. Schemes are provided to these occupations by the government. To know more about the Animal husbandry and Fishery explore the article further!

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Animal Husbandry

Animal Husbandry marks its starting from Neolithic revolution, around 13,000 BC. It is the occupation wherein animals are bread and feed. Hence it a day-to-day activity. Cattles, Sheep, Goats and Pigs were the first animals for domestication. Therefore, Milk, Eggs, Meat and  Fibre was benefits of raring animals.

Raring of chicken in the boiler is done for meat consumption. Dairy, Meat, Poultry, Aquaculture and Insects are some of the branches of Animal husbandry. Therefore, practising of this occupation is worldwide. Environmental Impact and Animal welfare are two effects of Animal husbandry.

Animal husbandry is also livestock of animals. Hence, livestock animals are herbivores like cattle or omnivores like the pig. During the agricultural revolution, sheep was large rared for its wool. people living in mountains usually rare sturdy animals like goats. Since they are easy to maintain and gives meat and milk along with other benefits.

Fishery and Animal husbandry


The fishery is one of the popular occupations in India and hence practised a lot in India. The fishery can be termed as raring of fishes for meat consumption. Type of fishes, an area of fishing, the method used for fishing, class of boats and purpose of the activity are the factors of fishing. Therefore, these are the factors considered while fishing.

Methods use for the fishery are one is the traditional net method and the other is using modern tools like fish hooks and gears. Wild Fishery is also one of the ways to fish. Fishery and Aquaculture are raising fish and farming them. The livelihood of over 500 million people depends on this occupation. Therefore, overfishing is the threat to marine life. the fishery also adds in the GDP of the country. Fishery added a Total addition of  $270 billion to global GDP.

Benefits of fishes are improving joint pain, ticking of hair, glowing skin, healthy heart and also making of fish oil. Due to these benefits fishery is such a popular occupation. Fishery largely effects on marine habitat, it also disturbs ecological system and increases marine debris. Countermeasures are also available and they are fishery management, fish farming, marine reserves, catch and release method.


Solved Examples for You

Question 1. The state which records the highest productivity of fish (per unit area) in India is _________.

  1. Kerala
  2. Tamil Nadu
  3. Odisha
  4. West Bengal

Answer: Kerala

Question 2. The niche of an animal is best defined as ____________.

  1. the number of individuals of the species, the environment will support.
  2. the same as its habitat.
  3. all the ways an animal fits into its environment.
  4. the specific part for which organism is best suited.

Answer: the specific part for which organism is best suited.

Question 3. Which one of the following terms describes not only the physical space occupied by an organism but also its functional role in the community of organisms?

  1. Ecotone
  2. Ecological niche
  3. Habitat
  4. Home range

Answer: Ecological niche

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3 responses to “Natural Vegetation and Wildlife of India and the World”

  1. aman verma says:

    which state has maximum forest cover area

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