NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 – Forest and Wildlife Resource
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 – Forest and Wildlife Resources allows students to gain detailed information on this chapter. Furthermore, it will help the Class 10 students acquire the data more clearly. We have a team of experts who have immense experience in the field to create precise solutions for you.
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CBSE Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources NCERT Solutions
NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 discusses the importance of forests and wildlife resources in an effective way. Human beings often forget the earth is home to other living beings as well. With the increased pollution and exploitation, protection of forest and wildlife resources has become essential. This chapter will assist you in understanding this issue better. In other words, it can be advantageous in helping you realize the need for conservation of forests and wildlife. Therefore, Our NCERT solutions will help you do so efficiently.
Sub-topics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2
2.1 Flora and Fauna in India– This section talks about the rich flora and fauna in India. However, it is now in desperate need of help due to the fear of endangerment. Therefore, they have been classified in the categories given below for a better understanding-
- Normal Species: These have a normal population level.
- Endangered Species: They are in the danger of extinction.
- Vulnerable Species: These are moving towards the endangered category.
- Rare Species: They are ones who belong to the small population and are on the way to endangered category.
- Endemic Species: These types of species are only found in some particular areas.
- Extinct Species: The ones whose existence has ceased altogether.
2.2 What are the negative factors that cause such fearful depletion of the flora and fauna? – This topic throws light on the reasons and elements which is causing the depletion of the flora and fauna. Moreover, it enumerates these reasons as pollution, exploitation, hunting, poaching and many more.
2.3 Conservation of Forest and Wildlife in India– Over here, the student will learn about the need to conserve forest and wildlife of the country. Similarly, it also lists the conservation programs being undertaken by India.
2.4 Types and Distribution of Forest and Wildlife Resources– Students will explore the types of forests and by whom they are owned. They further divide into:
- Reserved forests: These are most valuable from the point of view of conservation.
- Protected forests: They are deemed protected by the government from any further depletion.
- Unclassed forests: This includes forests and wastelands belonging to government and communities.
2.5 Community and Conservation– This section will teach students the need to conserve our forests. In addition, it shows the community’s contribution in doing so. You will learn about the people-led movements that took place for protecting our forests.
You can download NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Geography Chapter 2 by clicking on the download button below
Solved Questions for You
Question 1: Name different types of vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.
Answer: Different types of vegetation in India include:
- Tropical Evergreen Forests: Regions are hot and receive heavy rainfall throughout the year.
- Monsoon Forests: Monsoon forests are also called as tropical deciduous forests. These include broad leaved deciduous trees. These trees shed their leaves during dry season.
- Temperate Deciduous Forests: These regions have cool winters and receive moderate rainfall.
- Coniferous Forests: Have cool and short summers and cold and long winters.
- At higher altitudes type of vegetation found is temperate grasslands which are generally at a height more than 3600 metres above sea level. This support alpine vegetation. Silver fir, junipers, pines and birches are the common trees found in this type of forests.
Question 2: Why has India a rich heritage of flora and fauna?
Answer: India supports the growth of large variety of species of flora and fauna. The main reason is that India has favourable climate and varied topographic conditions like plains, plateaus, mountains etc. India is a diversified country with vast variety of flora and fauna. The main factors responsible for distribution of flora and fauna are favourable topography, availability of mineral, freshwater resources, suitable climatic conditions and soil fertility.
From the recent estimates 47,000 species of flora are found in this country so far. Of the estimated 47,000 plant species, about 15,000 flowering species are endemic (indigenous) to India. India has approximately 90,000 species of animals, 2,000 bird species, which constitutes 13% of world fauna. Apart from this there are 2,546 fish species which represent 12% of world’s fatal marine life. India also has 5 to 8 percent of world’s reptiles, amphibians and mammals.
Question 3: How human activities have affected the depletion of flora and fauna? Explain.
Answer: Human activities and man’s insensitivity to the environment have been the major causes for the depletion of flora and fauna. Various activities carried out by man are:
- Deforestation for agricultural expansion
- Degradation of forests by shifting cultivation
- Large scale development projects
- Mining activities
- Habitat destruction, hunting, poaching, over exploitation of forest products, environmental degradation, forest fires are some other factors which have led to the decline of India’s biodiversity.
- Other important causes of environmental destruction are unequal access, inequitable consumption of resources and differential sharing of responsibility for environmental well-being.
Question 4: Write a note on good practices towards conserving forest and wildlife.
Answer: Good practices towards conservation of forest and wildlife are plenty. Nowadays, many non-governmental organisations are working towards creating public awareness for conserving, depleting forest cover and vanishing wildlife. Central and many state governments established national parks and wildlife sanctuaries to protect forests and endangered species in wildlife. A recently developing practice towards conservation is the search for different conservation measures. Biodiversity is the new by-word for good practices towards conserving forests and wildlife. Various communities, especially in tribal areas who are dependent on forests for their living, are now taking an active role in this form of conservation.
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