NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 11 Biotechnology Principles and Processes
This article deals with NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 11. Biology is a hard subject for students. However, there should be no worries since NCERT Solutions are here to help. The main objective of NCERT Solutions is to make top-notch education material. Furthermore, the explanation of the content in NCERT Solutions makes memorization easy. These solutions are self-explanatory in nature. Also, there are exercises and questions between the chapters.
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CBSE Class 12 Biology Chapter 11 Biotechnology Principles and Processes NCERT Solutions
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 11 deals with Biotechnology Principles and Processes. First of all, Biotechnology is a field which involves the exploitation of biological processes. This exploitation is for industrial and other purposes. Furthermore, the subject deals with techniques of using live organisms or enzymes from organisms. This is certainly for the purpose of producing products and processes useful to humans. Most noteworthy, Biotechnology is the integration of natural science and organisms for products and services. This chapter certainly deals in the study of principles and processes of Biotechnology.
Subtopics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 11
11.1 Principles of Biotechnology
11.2 Tools of Recombinant DNA Technology
11.3 Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology
NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 11
The subject of Biotechnology is certainly very useful for humanity. Biotechnology has huge applications in the field of medicine. Most noteworthy, Biotechnology helps in pharmaceutical drug discoveries and production. Furthermore, Biotechnology is essential for genetic testing. Another notable contribution of Biotechnology is the discovery of traditional small molecule pharmaceutical drugs. Also, Biotechnology helps in the production of medicines quickly and cheaply. Biotechnology has a lot of contribution to agriculture as well. One important aspect of Biotechnology is genetically modified crops. Finally, Biotechnology has a usage in chemistry, industrial, and environmental fields as well. Hence, Biotechnology opens a lot of career doors for students.
Below is a brief explanation of the sub-units of chapter 11:
11.1 Principles of Biotechnology –
First of all, two techniques have enabled the birth of Biotechnology. These are genetic engineering and Maintenance of sterile ambiance in chemical engineering. Genetic engineering includes recombinant DNA, gene cloning, and gene transfer.
11.2 Tools of Recombinant DNA Technology –
Recombinant DNA Technology is possible with the help of certain tools. Most noteworthy, there is a discussion of these tools in detail here. Furthermore, these tools are restriction enzymes, polymerase enzymes, ligases, vectors, and the host organism.
11.3 Processes of Recombinant DNA Technology –
This part certainly discusses the processes of Recombinant DNA Technology. Most noteworthy, here are several steps in a specific sequence. Also, the steps begin with the isolation of DNA and end at Downstream Processing. These steps are given below:
- Isolation of the Genetic Material (DNA)
- Cutting of DNA at Specific Locations
- Amplification of Gene of Interest using PCR
- Insertion of Recombinant DNA into the Host Cell/Organism
- Obtaining the Foreign Gene Product
- Downstream Processing
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