 Alphabet Analogy

One of the topics in the banking exam, that requires a lot of patience and has a habit of popping time and time again in the IBPS PO, SO, SBI Clerk and other exams is alphabet analogy. Normally there are two types of analogies asked in exams: Numerical analogy and Alphabet analogy. Here we are going to focus only on alphabet analogy.

Suggested Videos        Alphabet Analogy

As the word stands, analogy means a correspondence, a relationship between something and someone. In these questions, a group of two words is given we have to establish a relationship between them and then find the answer based on such relationship. In banking exams like IBPS PO, SSC, IBPS clerk, etc. these questions have a history of teasing the aspirants as there is no fixed method or the formula to solve it. You just need to have enough practice of different types of questions asked from this topic. To solve the questions easily assign a numerical value to each and every alphabet in forward as well as backward manner. If possible remember those numerical values or else when you are given the time before an exam is starting then note down this sequence.

Solved Example

Q. CDEF : MNOP: : UVWX:?

A. DEFG                      B.EFGH

C. GHIJ                       D. ABCD

Answer: In this question, first, you need to establish a relationship between CDEF and MNOP. And then look for the same relationship for UVWX and the answer. Before starting to solve the question, first assign the numerical values to all the alphabets and make a table as given below:

 A = 1 H = 8 O = 15 V = 22 B = 2 I = 9 P = 16 W = 23 C = 3 J = 10 Q = 17 X =24 D = 4 K = 11 R = 18 Y = 25 E = 5 L = 12 S = 19 Z =26 F = 6 M = 13 T = 20 G = 7 N = 14 U = 21

Now from the table you can note that THE gap between C and M is 10, the gap is similar between the following alphabets, so in the first group every alphabet is pushed forward by 10 spaces, similarly, the second group will also be pushed forward by 10 spaces. Thus, next group will be UVWX and EFGH. So the required answer is the option (2).

Learn Analogous Pairs here

Another Example

Q. BDGK: PTYF :: TVYC:?

A. HLOW                  B. HLOX

C. HLOY                    D. FKLM

Answer: All the questions in this topic are not as straightforward as you think. There can be a slight twist in these types of questions as well. For this question to establish the relationship between the first group i.e. BDGK and PVAK assign them the numbers. The gap between B and P is 14 while the gap between D and V is 16 and between G and Y is 18.

Here you can see that the gap between the two alphabets is increasing by 2 spaces everytime we move forward towards the next alphabet. Based on this, for the given TVYC, the next group will be HLOW. So the correct answer is an option (1).

Practice Questions

Q. DFH : FHD :: MOQ:?

A. MQO                     B. VXZ

C. OQM                     D. NPQ

Ans: C) OQM

Q. LMN : QPO :: OPQ:?

A. MNL                     B. NML

C. ONM                     D. LMO

Ans: B) NML

Q. CEG : IJM :: NPR:?

A. YWU                   B. UWY

C. WUY                   D. UVY

Ans: D) UVY.

Q. ODEQ : PEFR :: _____ : NQSP

A. MPRO                B. ORPM

C. PROM                D. RPM

Ans: A) MPRO

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.  Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology  Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry  Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

Browse

Analogy 3 Followers

Most reacted comment
43 Comment authors     Recent comment authors
Subscribe
Notify of Guest
Sai Rohith

5:62::8:?, Solve the problem Guest

5:62

5:5*12+2

8: 8*12+12

or

5:6+7*8
8:9+10*11

seriously options are key to find the pattern Guest
Vicky

5×12=60
Now 60+2=62
Similarly 8×12=96
So,96+2=98 Guest
Arya

140 Guest
Raju

98 Guest
sai sameer

ans: 5 square revers +1, 8 square reverse +1=47 Guest
Geetanjali Malik

5:62::8:?
5*12=60+2
=62
In the same way
8*12=96+2
=98 Guest
KARAN singh Thakur Guest
Raj

8:98
Here I explain
9+8=17,

8:98. Guest
Sai Ashritha Guest
Keshav Sharma

2:12 :: 3 : solve Guest
Jalaj

18 Guest
Ilyas

18 Guest
Lucky

68:100::45:? Guest
Tera Gaand Maar Dunga

77 Guest
Muskan

81 Guest
Aman

6^2 + 8^2= 100
4^2+ 5^2= 41.. Guest
Sam

15:50::80:? Guest
Sam

and how Guest
Anonymous

18 Guest
Akhalesh Kumar

15*3+5=50
80*3+5=245 Guest
Manoj

39:143::221:? Guest
sujatha

1011:10111::11111:
find next number analogy Guest
Akhalesh Kumar

1011*10+1=10111
11111*10=111110+1=111111 Guest
marc

8:100::12:? solve this problem Guest
sai kiran reddy

4*2=8
4*25=100
6*2=12
6*25=150 Guest
Ravi Sagar

63:30::94:?
a) 54
b) 58
c)112
d) 52 Guest
Abdullah umar

if x=144 and y=18 what will be x:y= Guest
Manna

x=144, y=18.
Therefore, x:y = 144:18.
144 and 18 have 18 as highest common factor (highest number which can divide both).
144/18=8. This implies, 144/18:18/18
Therefore, 144: 18= 8:1. Guest
Ankit

7:350 ::. ?
1) 4: 216
2) 5: 625
3) 6 : 222
4) 8: 636 Guest
Saif

12:312::10:? Solve Guest
TUSAR RANJAN PANIGRAHI

Ans-220
(10)^2+10(10+2) Guest
Vikas

60:16::100:? Solve kijiye Guest
Vikas

60:16::100:? Guest
jyoti rawat

10*6=60
10+6=16
10*10=100
10+10=20 Guest
Jay

46:22::76:55::81:65::36:15::27:?
Solve this Guest
Jay

23:29::35:128::52:13:94:? Guest
RAM KRISHNA

26:39 the analogy is 19:494 how? Prove me sir Guest
Maaz

GO-484, BY-927, HE-? Guest
Pragya kumar

961 Guest
guest

Q 1: If x = 144 and y = 18, then x : y what

96: 12
13: 169
169: 13
256: 16 Guest
Pragya kumar

96:12 Guest
guest

Q 2: Guess the next number: 19 : 361 :: 66 : ____

693
256
4356
5346 Guest
Pragya kumar

4356 Guest
Smruti Ranjan Mohapatra

fake site don’t do anything, don’t completly rely on this site , no reply , no answer, only fake assurance, no attendant present, no responsibility, the only thing I know about them is that they want only money for their business nothing else. Guest
Sohanpal Kashyap

34:21: ::124:? Help any one Guest
Amarendraparida

14:20::81:? Guest
Prince

Slove 19:399::21? Guest
Ekdkk

483 Guest
Babli Kumari

128 147 164 173 wrong number find with explains Guest
Shree

find analog 7:13::9:? Guest
sunil

2:12::3:? solve the question Guest

PST:01::NPR:?, Solve the problem Guest
Gowda

228:56::336: ?

1.108
2.63
3.72
4.36 Guest
Shivi manhas

18:5::12:? Solve the problm Guest
Arun Gyanba Kamble Guest
aish

14 Guest
Syed shamsi

Solve 123 : 216 :: 245 😕 Guest
Sneha

55:25 :: 73:? Guest

48:122::168:? Guest

PEN=16 BOAY=6

PAMPI=?

1. 21

2. 23

3. 20

4. 19 Guest
Guest

8: 72::12: ? Solve the problem Guest
S.D.R

29:59::76:?
solve the problem Guest
Arup bhattacharya

72:81::64:?