Analogy

Alphabet Analogy

One of the topics in the banking exam, that requires a lot of patience and has a habit of popping time and time again in the IBPS PO, SO, SBI Clerk and other exams is alphabet analogy. Normally there are two types of analogies asked in exams: Numerical analogy and Alphabet analogy. Here we are going to focus only on alphabet analogy.

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Alphabet Analogy

 As the word stands, analogy means a correspondence, a relationship between something and someone. In these questions, a group of two words is given we have to establish a relationship between them and then find the answer based on such relationship. In banking exams like IBPS PO, SSC, IBPS clerk, etc. these questions have a history of teasing the aspirants as there is no fixed method or the formula to solve it. You just need to have enough practice of different types of questions asked from this topic.

Alphabet analogy

To solve the questions easily assign a numerical value to each and every alphabet in forward as well as backward manner. If possible remember those numerical values or else when you are given the time before an exam is starting then note down this sequence.

Browse more Topics under Analogy

Solved Example

Q. CDEF : MNOP: : UVWX:?

A. DEFG                      B.EFGH

C. GHIJ                       D. ABCD

Answer: In this question, first, you need to establish a relationship between CDEF and MNOP. And then look for the same relationship for UVWX and the answer. Before starting to solve the question, first assign the numerical values to all the alphabets and make a table as given below:

A = 1 H = 8 O = 15 V = 22
B = 2 I = 9 P = 16 W = 23
C = 3 J = 10 Q = 17 X =24
D = 4 K = 11 R = 18 Y = 25
E = 5 L = 12 S = 19 Z =26
F = 6 M = 13 T = 20
G = 7 N = 14 U = 21

Now from the table you can note that THE gap between C and M is 10, the gap is similar between the following alphabets, so in the first group every alphabet is pushed forward by 10 spaces, similarly, the second group will also be pushed forward by 10 spaces. Thus, next group will be UVWX and EFGH. So the required answer is the option (2).

 Learn Analogous Pairs here

Another Example

Q. BDGK: PTYF :: TVYC:?

A. HLOW                  B. HLOX

C. HLOY                    D. FKLM

Answer: All the questions in this topic are not as straightforward as you think. There can be a slight twist in these types of questions as well. For this question to establish the relationship between the first group i.e. BDGK and PVAK assign them the numbers. The gap between B and P is 14 while the gap between D and V is 16 and between G and Y is 18.

Here you can see that the gap between the two alphabets is increasing by 2 spaces everytime we move forward towards the next alphabet. Based on this, for the given TVYC, the next group will be HLOW. So the correct answer is an option (1).

Practice Questions

Q. DFH : FHD :: MOQ:?

A. MQO                     B. VXZ

C. OQM                     D. NPQ

Ans: C) OQM

Q. LMN : QPO :: OPQ:?

A. MNL                     B. NML

C. ONM                     D. LMO

Ans: B) NML

Q. CEG : IJM :: NPR:?

A. YWU                   B. UWY

C. WUY                   D. UVY

Ans: D) UVY.

Q. ODEQ : PEFR :: _____ : NQSP

A. MPRO                B. ORPM

C. PROM                D. RPM

Ans: A) MPRO

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Sai Rohith
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Sai Rohith

5:62::8:?, Solve the problem

sadadasda
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sadadasda

5:62

5:5*12+2

8: 8*12+12

or

5:6+7*8
8:9+10*11

seriously options are key to find the pattern

Vicky
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Vicky

5×12=60
Now 60+2=62
Similarly 8×12=96
So,96+2=98

Arya
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Arya

140

Raju
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Raju

98

sai sameer
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sai sameer

ans: 5 square revers +1, 8 square reverse +1=47

Geetanjali Malik
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Geetanjali Malik

5:62::8:?
5*12=60+2
=62
In the same way
8*12=96+2
=98

KARAN singh Thakur
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KARAN singh Thakur

146 is the answer

Raj
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Raj

8:98
Here I explain
8+1=9, add one with8
Add 9 with 8
9+8=17,
Add answer is 1+7=8

8:98.

Sai Ashritha
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Sai Ashritha

99.2 is the answer

Keshav Sharma
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Keshav Sharma

2:12 :: 3 : solve

Jalaj
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Jalaj

18

Ilyas
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Ilyas

18

Lucky
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Lucky

68:100::45:?

Tera Gaand Maar Dunga
Guest
Tera Gaand Maar Dunga

77

Muskan
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Muskan

81

Aman
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Aman

6^2 + 8^2= 100
4^2+ 5^2= 41..
41 is the answer

Sam
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Sam

15:50::80:?

Sam
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Sam

and how

Anonymous
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Anonymous

18

Akhalesh Kumar
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Akhalesh Kumar

15*3+5=50
80*3+5=245

Manoj
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Manoj

39:143::221:?

sujatha
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sujatha

1011:10111::11111:
find next number analogy

Akhalesh Kumar
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Akhalesh Kumar

1011*10+1=10111
11111*10=111110+1=111111

marc
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marc

8:100::12:? solve this problem

sai kiran reddy
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sai kiran reddy

4*2=8
4*25=100
6*2=12
6*25=150

Ravi Sagar
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Ravi Sagar

63:30::94:?
a) 54
b) 58
c)112
d) 52

Abdullah umar
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Abdullah umar

if x=144 and y=18 what will be x:y=

Manna
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Manna

x=144, y=18.
Therefore, x:y = 144:18.
144 and 18 have 18 as highest common factor (highest number which can divide both).
144/18=8. This implies, 144/18:18/18
Therefore, 144: 18= 8:1.

Ankit
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Ankit

7:350 ::. ?
1) 4: 216
2) 5: 625
3) 6 : 222
4) 8: 636

Saif
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Saif

12:312::10:? Solve

TUSAR RANJAN PANIGRAHI
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TUSAR RANJAN PANIGRAHI

Ans-220
(10)^2+10(10+2)

Vikas
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Vikas

60:16::100:? Solve kijiye

Vikas
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Vikas

60:16::100:?

jyoti rawat
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jyoti rawat

10*6=60
10+6=16
10*10=100
10+10=20

Jay
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Jay

46:22::76:55::81:65::36:15::27:?
Solve this

Jay
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Jay

23:29::35:128::52:13:94:?

RAM KRISHNA
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RAM KRISHNA

26:39 the analogy is 19:494 how? Prove me sir

Maaz
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Maaz

GO-484, BY-927, HE-?

Pragya kumar
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Pragya kumar

961

guest
Guest
guest

Q 1: If x = 144 and y = 18, then x : y what

96: 12
13: 169
169: 13
256: 16

Pragya kumar
Guest
Pragya kumar

96:12

guest
Guest
guest

Q 2: Guess the next number: 19 : 361 :: 66 : ____

693
256
4356
5346

Pragya kumar
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Pragya kumar

4356

Smruti Ranjan Mohapatra
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Smruti Ranjan Mohapatra

fake site don’t do anything, don’t completly rely on this site , no reply , no answer, only fake assurance, no attendant present, no responsibility, the only thing I know about them is that they want only money for their business nothing else.

Sohanpal Kashyap
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Sohanpal Kashyap

34:21: ::124:? Help any one

Amarendraparida
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Amarendraparida

14:20::81:?

Prince
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Prince

Slove 19:399::21?

Ekdkk
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Ekdkk

483

Babli Kumari
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Babli Kumari

128 147 164 173 wrong number find with explains

Shree
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Shree

find analog 7:13::9:?

sunil
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sunil

2:12::3:? solve the question

Shubhi
Guest

PST:01::NPR:?, Solve the problem

Gowda
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Gowda

228:56::336: ?

1.108
2.63
3.72
4.36

Shivi manhas
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Shivi manhas

18:5::12:? Solve the problm

Arun Gyanba Kamble
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Arun Gyanba Kamble

What is answer of 64:12::72:?

aish
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aish

14

Syed shamsi
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Syed shamsi

Solve 123 : 216 :: 245 😕

Sneha
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Sneha

55:25 :: 73:?

Kaviyadharshini
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Kaviyadharshini

48:122::168:?

Tirtha Lad
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Tirtha Lad

PEN=16 BOAY=6

PAMPI=?

1. 21

2. 23

3. 20

4. 19

Guest
Guest
Guest

8: 72::12: ? Solve the problem

S.D.R
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S.D.R

29:59::76:?
solve the problem

Arup bhattacharya
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Arup bhattacharya

72:81::64:?

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