Analogy

Analogous Pairs

An important type of analogies are the questions based on analogous pairs. In this section of the exam, a given set of analogous questions are provided. By examining the given data, the candidate is expected to find out the rule of the analogy and then apply this rule to complete the analogous pair or any given series. In this web page, we will build the concepts of analogous pairs and use the rules to solve expected questions based on these rules and other similar ones.

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What is an Analogous Pair?

An analogous pair is a pair of words, numbers or objects that are connected by some rule or by similarity. The word analogy means comparison between two things for the sake of clarification. For example, a couple names their first child A, their second child as B, their third child as C and so on. If someone asks you to guess the name of the fifth child of this couple, you would not hesitate to say that it should be E. Because since they follow an alphabetical order to name their children, and since the fifth letter of the alphabet is E, you will guess with certainty that the name should be E. This is the concept of analogy. What we do in the analogy is that first we find the rule or relation connecting a given set of data or information and use this rule to predict or guess an unknown value. Still confused? Let us settle you down with some examples.

Browse more Topics under Analogy

Letter Analogy

Example 1: Find the missing term:

AEI: LQV:: ACE: H_,_

  1. OP
  2. DC
  3. KN
  4. QW

Answer: It looks very difficult to guess at first. Should you give up and save time for other questions? Well no,as we will see, there is no reason to panic. In questions like these, it is very important to keep calm and remember that the answer is right in front of you! This brings us to the first step of solving analogies, i.e. gathering the information from the given data. Before we solve it, we see that the answer is C.

The data here is AEI. What is the pattern here? Between A and E there are three letters i.e. B, C, and D. Also, between E and I, there are three alphabets i.e. F, G and H. Bingo! There you go. You have completed the step 1 of the solution. We now know the rule. Let us move on to the second step, i.e. the application of the rule.

analogous

                             Source: pixabay

Now between L and Q, we have M, N, O, and P i.e. 4 letters which are 1 more than 3. Similarly, between Q and V we have R, S, T, and U, again 4 letters. Thus the relation is that the second word or collection of letters is separated by one more alphabet than the first one.

To answer, between A and C, we have one alphabet. Also, between C and E, we again have only one alphabet. So by analogy, the analogous pair to ACE should have a gap of two letters, i.e. H (K)(N). So the correct answer is C. Let us try another one!

Awareness Based Analogies

Example 2: Complete the analogy:

Polio: virus :: food poisoning: __________

  1. Fungi
  2. Algae
  3. Nematodes
  4. Bacteria

Answer: This is an easier example. The questions in analogous pair section are could be based on any rule. They could be based on your awareness, aptitude, or vocabulary. Here we see that polio is caused by poliomyelitis which is a virus. So the rule is disease followed by the type of organism that causes it. Food poisoning, on the other hand, is caused by listeria, salmonella and other microbes which are all bacteria. Hence the answer is d) Bacteria.

Vocabulary Based Analogy

In this section, as you might have guessed, the vocabulary of the candidate is checked. Let us see this with the help of an example!

Example 3: Complete the following:

Alzheimer’s disease : Dementia :: food poisoning :  ________

  1. High fever
  2. Bloating
  3. Bleeding
  4. Running  nose

Answer: Questions like these don’t focus on finding the rule as much as they focus on your general awareness. Here as you might have guessed, the rule is that the first pair forms a disease – symptom pair. Following or extending this analogy to the other pair, we see that the answer to this should be B) Bloating. We have crossed out High fever although fever is a symptom of food poisoning because of the term “high”. The most accurate option should be selected in case the instructions demand so. However, if the instructions to the question ask you to select more than one answer, you may select A and B without any loss of brevity.

Practice Questions

Q1: Find the missing number?

27 : 3 ::  999 : _______

Ans: [111]

Q2: Complete the analogy:

Cardiologist : Heart  :: Chiropractor : ________

Ans: Joints

Q3: Guess the word:

AEIM : WAEI:: OTYD : _______

Ans: UZEJ

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Sai Rohith
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Sai Rohith

5:62::8:?, Solve the problem

sadadasda
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sadadasda

5:62

5:5*12+2

8: 8*12+12

or

5:6+7*8
8:9+10*11

seriously options are key to find the pattern

Vicky
Guest
Vicky

5×12=60
Now 60+2=62
Similarly 8×12=96
So,96+2=98

Arya
Guest
Arya

140

Raju
Guest
Raju

98

sai sameer
Guest
sai sameer

ans: 5 square revers +1, 8 square reverse +1=47

Geetanjali Malik
Guest
Geetanjali Malik

5:62::8:?
5*12=60+2
=62
In the same way
8*12=96+2
=98

KARAN singh Thakur
Guest
KARAN singh Thakur

146 is the answer

Raj
Guest
Raj

8:98
Here I explain
8+1=9, add one with8
Add 9 with 8
9+8=17,
Add answer is 1+7=8

8:98.

Sai Ashritha
Guest
Sai Ashritha

99.2 is the answer

Keshav Sharma
Guest
Keshav Sharma

2:12 :: 3 : solve

Jalaj
Guest
Jalaj

18

Ilyas
Guest
Ilyas

18

Lucky
Guest
Lucky

68:100::45:?

Tera Gaand Maar Dunga
Guest
Tera Gaand Maar Dunga

77

Muskan
Guest
Muskan

81

Aman
Guest
Aman

6^2 + 8^2= 100
4^2+ 5^2= 41..
41 is the answer

Sam
Guest
Sam

15:50::80:?

Sam
Guest
Sam

and how

Anonymous
Guest
Anonymous

18

Akhalesh Kumar
Guest
Akhalesh Kumar

15*3+5=50
80*3+5=245

Manoj
Guest
Manoj

39:143::221:?

sujatha
Guest
sujatha

1011:10111::11111:
find next number analogy

Akhalesh Kumar
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Akhalesh Kumar

1011*10+1=10111
11111*10=111110+1=111111

marc
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marc

8:100::12:? solve this problem

sai kiran reddy
Guest
sai kiran reddy

4*2=8
4*25=100
6*2=12
6*25=150

Ravi Sagar
Guest
Ravi Sagar

63:30::94:?
a) 54
b) 58
c)112
d) 52

Abdullah umar
Guest
Abdullah umar

if x=144 and y=18 what will be x:y=

Manna
Guest
Manna

x=144, y=18.
Therefore, x:y = 144:18.
144 and 18 have 18 as highest common factor (highest number which can divide both).
144/18=8. This implies, 144/18:18/18
Therefore, 144: 18= 8:1.

Ankit
Guest
Ankit

7:350 ::. ?
1) 4: 216
2) 5: 625
3) 6 : 222
4) 8: 636

Saif
Guest
Saif

12:312::10:? Solve

TUSAR RANJAN PANIGRAHI
Guest
TUSAR RANJAN PANIGRAHI

Ans-220
(10)^2+10(10+2)

Vikas
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Vikas

60:16::100:? Solve kijiye

Vikas
Guest
Vikas

60:16::100:?

jyoti rawat
Guest
jyoti rawat

10*6=60
10+6=16
10*10=100
10+10=20

Jay
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Jay

46:22::76:55::81:65::36:15::27:?
Solve this

Jay
Guest
Jay

23:29::35:128::52:13:94:?

RAM KRISHNA
Guest
RAM KRISHNA

26:39 the analogy is 19:494 how? Prove me sir

Maaz
Guest
Maaz

GO-484, BY-927, HE-?

Pragya kumar
Guest
Pragya kumar

961

guest
Guest
guest

Q 1: If x = 144 and y = 18, then x : y what

96: 12
13: 169
169: 13
256: 16

Pragya kumar
Guest
Pragya kumar

96:12

guest
Guest
guest

Q 2: Guess the next number: 19 : 361 :: 66 : ____

693
256
4356
5346

Pragya kumar
Guest
Pragya kumar

4356

Smruti Ranjan Mohapatra
Guest
Smruti Ranjan Mohapatra

fake site don’t do anything, don’t completly rely on this site , no reply , no answer, only fake assurance, no attendant present, no responsibility, the only thing I know about them is that they want only money for their business nothing else.

Sohanpal Kashyap
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Sohanpal Kashyap

34:21: ::124:? Help any one

Amarendraparida
Guest
Amarendraparida

14:20::81:?

Prince
Guest
Prince

Slove 19:399::21?

Ekdkk
Guest
Ekdkk

483

Babli Kumari
Guest
Babli Kumari

128 147 164 173 wrong number find with explains

Shree
Guest
Shree

find analog 7:13::9:?

sunil
Guest
sunil

2:12::3:? solve the question

Shubhi
Guest

PST:01::NPR:?, Solve the problem

Gowda
Guest
Gowda

228:56::336: ?

1.108
2.63
3.72
4.36

Shivi manhas
Guest
Shivi manhas

18:5::12:? Solve the problm

Arun Gyanba Kamble
Guest
Arun Gyanba Kamble

What is answer of 64:12::72:?

aish
Guest
aish

14

Syed shamsi
Guest
Syed shamsi

Solve 123 : 216 :: 245 😕

Sneha
Guest
Sneha

55:25 :: 73:?

Kaviyadharshini
Guest
Kaviyadharshini

48:122::168:?

Tirtha Lad
Guest
Tirtha Lad

PEN=16 BOAY=6

PAMPI=?

1. 21

2. 23

3. 20

4. 19

Guest
Guest
Guest

8: 72::12: ? Solve the problem

S.D.R
Guest
S.D.R

29:59::76:?
solve the problem

Arup bhattacharya
Guest
Arup bhattacharya

72:81::64:?

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