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Reasoning Ability > Statements > Statements and Assumptions
Statements

Statements and Assumptions

The questions from statements and assumptions feature regularly in competitive exams. In these questions, a statement is given in the question and it is followed by two or more assumptions. For the correct answer, the student needs to assess the given statement and decide which of the given assumption is implicit to the statement in the question above. To solve the questions you need to follow a pattern and thus it becomes essential to know what statements and assumptions stand for.

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Statements and Assumptions

Before going on to the examples let’s try and look what statements and assumptions mean. We use statements daily in the form of communication. It is a very integral part of our speech whenever we speak with others. But in terms of communication, most of the ideas are conveyed in the speech and thus remains unuttered. So to find a way to utter these ideas we use implication.

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These implications are indirectly used in our statements. Looking at the below solved will help you with a clear understanding of the topic and what kind of questions are asked in this section.

For all the questions below a statement is given which will be followed by assumptions numbered as 1 and 2. Look at the statements and decide which of the assumptions are implicit.

Give your answer as per below options:
A) If only assumption 1 is implicit.
B) If only assumption 2 is implicit.
C) If neither 1 or 2 are implicit.
D) If both 1 and 2 are implicit.

Solved Examples

Q. Statement: The best evidence of India’s glorious past is the growing popularity of ayurvedic medicines in the world.

Assumptions.
1. Ayurvedic medicines are more popular in India.
2. Ayurvedic medicines are not popular in India.

One the types of questions asked in statements and assumptions are as above. In the statement, you can see the information about the popularity of ayurvedic medicines is given in the world and how India’s past was glorious.

But in both the assumptions, there is no mention of this relation. In fact, the assumptions talk about whether the ayurvedic medicines are popular in India or not. And thus there is no relationship established between the statement and the assumptions. Further, the assumptions are not implicit to suggest anything about India’s past. So neither 1 nor 2 assumption is implicit. Thus the correct answer is C.

Q. Statement: “If you want your advertisement to reach more people, give it in newspaper Z,” B tells A.

Assumptions.
1. Newspaper Z has a much wider circulation.
2. A wants to publicise her products.

In statements and assumptions questions, try and concentrate on the conjunctions used in the statements or answers. They can completely change the meaning of the sentence.

Here, in this sentence ‘if’ denotes that A may or may not be ready to publicise her products. Further, the statement gives an impression that the advertisement should be done through the newspaper Z. So this implies that Z will be able to advertise the news better. Indirectly this means that the newspaper Z has a wider circulation which is suggested in the option 1. So the correct answer is A.

Example with Three Assumptions

Q. Statement: Ram wrote a second letter to his father after a couple of months as he did not receive the reply to his first letter.

Assumptions.
1. Ram’s father promptly sends a reply to his letter.
2. His father did not receive the letter.
3. The letter usually takes a week to reach.

A) 1 and 2 are implicit.
B) Only 1 is implicit.
C) All are implicit.
D) Only 1 and 2 are implicit.
E) None of these.

Based on the sentence you cannot say with authority that Ram’s father did not receive the letter. Also, it suggests that there may be other reasons for the delay in reply. The time limit of the letter is also nowhere mentioned in the statement. Thus, statements 2 and 3 are not implicit. Assumption 1 implies that Ram’s father used to respond to him immediately and that is why after waiting for the reply Ram must have again written the letter. So that assumption is implicit. So, the correct answer is B.

Practice Questions

For all the questions below a statement is given which will follow by assumptions numbered as 1 and 2. Look at the statements and decide which of the assumptions are implicit.
Give your answer as per below options:

A) If only assumption 1 is implicit.
B) If only assumption 2 is implicit.
C) If neither 1 or 2 are implicit.
D) If both 1 and 2 are implicit.

Q. Statement: “Please drop this letter in the letterbox,” Shyam said to his assistant.

Assumptions
1. The assistant knows the address where the letter needs to be sent.
2. The assistant will follow the instructions.

The correct answer is B.

Q. Statement: It is very dangerous to lean out of the moving train.

Assumptions
1. Those who lean out of the moving train runs the risk of getting hurt.
2. Generally, no person likes to get hurt.

The correct answer is A.

Q. Statement: The efforts to boost the tourism in Uttarakhand are being made by the state government.

Assumptions
1. There are special fares being announced in the railway.
2. For the last few years, the tourism in Uttarakhand has been dropped.

The correct answer is B.

Q. Statement: “If you will trouble me, I will slap you” – A father warns his child.

Assumptions
1. Because of warning, the may child may stop troubling him.
2. All children are usually naughty.

The correct answer is A.

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RAMIYA SHREE

just leave a couple of questions aside

RAMIYA SHREE
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RAMIYA SHREE

leave a couple of questions to practice

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