Mothers are so hygienic. They always tell us to wash our hands before eating, right? But do you know why? Because your hands may contain germs. We separate the germs from our hands by washing. So let’s study about the purpose of separation of substances so that we can learn about its benefits.
Purpose of Separation of Substances
There are three main reasons why we need to separate mixtures.They are:
1) To remove unwanted particles
- A bhel is a mixture of various ingredients like onion, tomato, potato, chillies, etc. Someone who does not like spicy food will remove the chillies to prevent mouth burn. Therefore, separation is necessary to remove the chillies from food.
- Your mother always removes stones from rice before she cooks. Because stones are not wanted. Separation is necessary to remove the stones.
- Also, your mother removes the tea leaves from tea using a strainer. We cannot drink tea with the tea leaves. Hence, they are separated.
- Air also contains dirt and dust.We have hair in our nostrils which separate the dust and dirt particles from the air.
- Did you know that the water we drink comes from rivers and lakes? But it contains impurities and germs. They are not wanted. Thus, Separation is necessary to remove these impurities.
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2) To obtain important substances
Some substances are more important than others in a mixture.Therefore, these need to be obtained by separation of substances.
- We all love butter. We spread it on a bread and eat it. It is used it for cooking. Butter is prepared from milk.The milk is churned at a high speed which creates a froth up. This froth is actually butter. The oil droplets are collected. Thus butter is separated from milk.
- The air around us has many gases. It has oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, etc. But air also has dust and impurities. The impurities need to be removed so that important gases can be obtained. Oxygen makes up 21% of air. But only oxygen is required for so many things like respiration, burning, etc. There are cylinders present in hospitals which contain only oxygen. They are for the patients who can not breathe on their own. But how does this oxygen come in the cylinder? It has been separated from the air.This is a very important use of separation of substances. Even nitrogen has many uses. Therefore, it is separated from air.
- Crude oil is raw oil. It is a mixture of many oils. It has petrol, diesel, kerosene, paraffin wax. But it also contains impurities.We all know petrol and diesel are used in vehicles. Vehicles cannot run without them. Thus, they have to be separated from the crude oil.
3) To obtain pure substances
- A mixture is actually made up of pure substances only. But they get mixed with each other in a mixture. Sometimes the individual pure substances are more important than the mixture. For example, Saltwater is not very important to us. But salt and water individually are very useful to us. Hence, we need to separate both from each other.Thus, separation of substances is necessary to obtain pure substances for domestic purposes, industrial purposes and research work.
- Even the example used earlier of gases present in air is also an example of obtaining pure substances. We can obtain oxygen in its pure form for many reasons.
So as we read, separation of substances is very important in our day to day life.
A Solved Question for You
Q: Why do we need to separate oxygen from the air?
Solution: Oxygen is an essential gas. 21% of air is made up of oxygen. We require oxygen for many different functions like metabolism, burning, respiration, in emergency survival oxygen tanks, etc. We need oxygen in pure form for some of the reasons. To obtain oxygen in its pure form and remove impurities from it, we need to separate it from the air. This is why separation of substances is necessary.