Issue and Redemption of Debentures

Terms of Issue, Interest on Debentures

As we have learned that debentures are an important tool for a company to raise finances and capital without giving away too much equity. Debentures are the primary instrument of debt used by companies around the world. Here we will be learning two more aspects of the accounting of debentures – terms of issue and interest on debentures. Let’s get started.

Suggested Videos

Play
Play
previous arrow
next arrow
previous arrownext arrow
Slider

 

Terms of Issue

As we know, debentures are an instrument of debt. So when their term expires they have to be redeemed (paid back). So the terms of such redemption are generally mentioned when issuing the debentures. The terms on which the money will be repaid to debenture holders are the terms of the issue of debentures.

Browse more Topics under Issue And Redemption Of Debentures

Depending on the terms of issue, debentures can either be redeemed at par or at a premium. Let us take a look.

  • At Par: This is when debentures will be redeemed at their face value/nominal value. So a debenture issued for face value 100/- will be redeemed also at 100/-.
  • At Premium: This is when the redemption is at a higher value than the face value of the debenture. Such a premium to be paid will be treated as a capital loss. And while the premium amount is only paid at redemption, it will be shown as a liability since the issue of the debentures.
  • At Discount: This is when the debentures are redeemed at a price lower than face value. However, this is now only a theoretical¬†concept. Such debentures now cannot be issued.

Accounting Treatment for Terms of Issue

Let us now see the journal entries for the six different scenarios of the terms of issue. These are the entries passed for the issue of the shares in these different cases.

1] Issued at Par & Redeemable at Par

Particulars Amount Amount
Bank A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Application & Allotment A/c xxx
(Being application money received)

2] Issued at Discount & Redeemable at Par

Particulars Amount Amount
Bank A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Allotment A/c xxx
(Being allotment money received)
Particulars Amount Amount
Debenture Allotment A/c Dr xxx
Discount on Debenture A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture A/c xxx
(Being allotment of debentures at discount)

3] Issued at Premium & Redeemable at Par

Particulars Amount Amount
Bank A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Allotment/Call A/c xxx
(Being allotment/call money received)
Particulars Amount Amount
Debenture Allotment/Call A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture A/c xxx
To Securities Premium A/c xxx
(Being allotment of debentures at premium)

4] Issue at Par & Redeemable at Premium

Particulars Amount Amount
Bank A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Application & Allotment A/c xxx
(Being application money received)
Particulars Amount Amount
Debenture Application & Allotment A/c Dr xxx
Loss on Issue of Debentures Dr xxx (premium amount)
To Debentures A/c xxx (nominal value)
To Premium on Redemption of Debenture A/c xxx (premium amount)
(Allotment of debentures at par, redeemable at premium)

5] Issued at Discount & Redeemable at Premium

Particulars Amount Amount
Bank A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Application & Allotment A/c xxx
(Being application money received)
Particulars Amount Amount
Debenture Application & Allotment A/c Dr xxx
Loss on Issue of Debentures Dr xxx (discount amout+premium on redemption)
To Debentures A/c xxx (nominal value)
To Premium on Redemption of Debenture A/c xxx (premium amount)
(Allotment of debentures at discount, redeemable at premium)

6] Issued at Premium & Redeemable at Premium

Particulars Amount Amount
Bank A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Application & Allotment A/c xxx
(Being application money received)
Particulars Amount Amount
Debenture Application & Allotment A/c Dr xxx
Loss on Issue of Debentures Dr xxx (premium amount)
To Debentures A/c xxx (nominal value)
To Securities Premium A/c xxx (premium on issue)
To Premium on Redemption of Debenture A/c xxx (premium on redemption)
(Allotment of debentures at premium, redeemable at premium)

Terms of Issue, Interest on Debentures

(Source: accountlearning)

Interest on Debentures

Debentures are borrowed capital. So when a company issues debentures they have to pay a rate of interest on them. This interest rate is usually mentioned in the name of the debenture itself, for example, “9% Debentures”. The interest is calculated on the face value of the debentures. This interest amount is paid periodically, generally yearly or half-yearly.

The interest is a charge against the profit of the company. This means that it must be paid, even if the company has earned no profit in that year. So it is unlike dividends paid on shares. Let us see the accounting entries for this interest on debentures.

1] Debenture Interest becomes Due

Particulars Amount Amount
Debenture Interest A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Holder A/c xxx
To TDS A/c xxx
(Being amount of interest due and tax deducted at source)

2] Payment of Interest

Particulars Amount Amount
Debenture Holder A/c Dr xxx
To Bank A/c xxx
(Being interest on debentures paid)

3] Debenture Interest being transferred to P & L A/c

Particulars Amount Amount
Profit and Loss A/c Dr xxx
To Debenture Interest A/c xxx
(Being debenture interest transferred to P&L A/c)

4] Payment of TDS to the Government

Particulars Amount Amount
Income Tax Payable A/c Dr xxx
To Bank A/c xxx
(Being TDS paid to the govt)

Solved Question for You

Q: Interest on debenture is __________.

  1. charge against profit
  2. appropriation of profit
  3. adjustment of profit
  4. none of the above

Ans: The correct option is A. Debentures are financial instruments which carry a certain percentage of interest. So debentures are like other debts. Interest paid on them is charged against the profit and loss account.

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

Leave a Reply

avatar
  Subscribe  
Notify of

Stuck with a

Question Mark?

Have a doubt at 3 am? Our experts are available 24x7. Connect with a tutor instantly and get your concepts cleared in less than 3 steps.

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
No thanks.