Difference between longitudinal and transverse wave is certainly an important aspect of the study of waves. Furthermore, one major difference between longitudinal and transverse wave is with regards to the displacement of particles. In a longitudinal wave, the displacement of the particles happens parallel to the direction the wave travels. In contrast, the displacement of particles in the transverse wave is perpendicular to the direction the wave is travelling.
Definition of Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal wave refers to a wave in which the displacement of the particle is such that it is parallel to the wave propagation’s direction. Furthermore, the characterization of longitudinal waves is by wave motion being parallel to particle motion. A good longitudinal wave example is a sound wave that is travelling through air.
Definition of Transverse Wave
Transverse wave refers to a wave in which the displacement of the particle is to the wave propagation’s direction. Furthermore, the characterization of the transverse wave is by wave motion being perpendicular to particle motion. Moreover, transverse waves need a relatively rigid medium for the purpose of transmitting their energy.
Difference between Longitudinal and Transverse Wave
The important difference between longitudinal and transverse wave
|Parameter||Longitudinal wave||Transverse wave|
|Movement||The medium, in the case of a longitudinal wave, moves in the same way to wave direction||The medium, in case of a transverse wave, moves perpendicular to wave direction|
|Polarization or alignment||The Polarization or alignment of this wave does not happen||The Polarization or alignment of this wave is certainly possible|
|Dimension||This wave acts in one dimension||This wave acts in two dimensions|
|Example||An example of a longitudinal wave is the earthquake P wave||An example of a transverse wave is the earthquake S wave|
|Production medium||The production of this wave can take place in any medium- solid, gas, or liquid.||The production of this wave can take place in liquid and gas medium only|
|Constitution||This wave is made up of compressions and rarefactions||This wave is made up of crests and troughs|
More Details about Longitudinal Wave
Longitudinal waves include sound waves and seismic P-waves. Furthermore, the creation of sound waves takes place through the particle of displacement, vibrations in pressure, and particle velocity. In contrast, the production of seismic P-waves takes place by explosions and earthquakes.
In the longitudinal wave, the medium’s displacement is certainly parallel to the wave’s propagation. Furthermore, a wave along the length of a stretched Slinky toy is certainly a good visualization. Moreover, contrast it with the standing wave along a transverse like a string of an oscillating guitar.
Solids certainly tend to support transverse waves that are S-waves in seismology. Furthermore, longitudinal sound waves that are in the solid exist with a wave and velocity impedance. Moreover, this wave and velocity impedance depend on the rigidity and density of the material.
More Details about Transverse Wave
Transverse wave refers to a moving wave whose oscillations are perpendicular to the path of propagation. Furthermore, a good example of such a wave is the wave whose creation takes place on the membrane of a drum. Moreover, the propagation of the waves takes place in directions that are parallel to the plane of the membrane.
The common occurrence of transverse waves happens in elastic solids. Also, the oscillations in such a case result in the displacement of the solid particles away from their position of relaxation, in the direction that is perpendicular to the wave’s propagation Moreover, a transverse wave of such a nature is known as a shear wave. In seismology, shear waves are also called S-waves or secondary waves.
The pressure wave in solids, liquids, or gases is certainly a standard example of a longitudinal wave. Furthermore, the oscillations of such a pressure wave result in the material’s expansion and compression. Moreover, this is how one can contrast the transverse wave with a longitudinal wave.
FAQs about Longitudinal and Transverse Wave
Question 1: Explain one difference between longitudinal and transverse wave?
Answer 1: One difference between longitudinal and transverse wave is with regards to dimension. Furthermore, the longitudinal wave is one that acts in one dimension. In contrast, the transverse wave is one that acts in two dimensions.
Question 2: How does the production of sound waves happen?
Answer: The production of sound waves happens due to factors like particle velocity, the particle of displacement, and vibrations in pressure.