Transformation of Sentences

Parts of Speech

Parts of Speech: We use thousands of words every day and would you believe if I tell you that every single one of them can be categorized into 8 categories that we call Parts of speech. These 8 parts of speech literally encompass each and every word you use in your English. How amazing is that! In this chapter, we will cover all of the 8 parts of speech with loads of fun example. In essence, everything else in grammar is based on Parts of speech, so we really recommend you to use this as your holy grail and get it absolutely soaked in.

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Parts of speech

Parts of Speech: The eight pillars of english grammar:

Let us start by enlisting the 8 parts of speech first: Noun, pronoun, verb, adverb, adjective, conjunction, preposition and interjection. Now let’s look at each one of these one by one:

Noun:

Simply put: Nouns are names of people, things, places or ideas. They are simply the names you use to refer to a thing, person, place or idea. Nouns could be proper nouns or common nouns or abstract nouns or collective nouns or possessive nouns or compound nouns.

  1. Common nouns: Just generic names, starting with a small letter. Examples – bees, yard, cycle, pasta.
  2. Proper nouns: Specific names, starting with capital letter always. Examples – Geeta, Shashank, Joe’s pasta, Harry Potter, Nancy Drew
  3. Abstract nouns: Usually names of ideas or emotions. Examples – Happiness, joy, excitement
  4. Collective nouns: These are nouns that are used to count something in a union or a group. Examples – team, jury, school, clan, class, pride
  5. Possessive nouns: Sometimes you want to show the possession of something with the noun. That’s when you add an apostrophe s to the noun and it becomes a possessive noun. Examples – Sheela’s, Juno’s pizza
  6. Compound nouns: As simple as it sounds, when two nouns come together they form a compound noun. Examples – daughter-in-law, tooth-paste, eight-pack

Pronoun:

A pronoun is a word used instead of the noun. The meaning stays the same, it’s just instead of repeatedly using the noun, you have something shorter that is the pronoun. To list a few- I, her, she, them, theirs, they, and so on.

A few examples:

  1. Sheela is a great singer. She is performing at the city centre mall today.
  2. My parents are in town. They will visit me day after tomorrow.
  3. Joe’s pizza is a great place to eat at. It’s right around the corner.

Verb:

All the fun of the sentence is the verb. Verb is the action in a sentence. It could be a physical or mental action or just the state of being in a sentence. Let’s see a quick few examples:

  1. The Sun rises from the East.
  2. Children are playing on the playground.
  3. My cat jumps on me when I’m sleeping.
  4. She was with the choir group last summer.

Notice how the verbs am, is, are, was, were show the state of being.

Adverb:

An adverb aids the verb in showing how the action was done. Adverbs describe the verbs in the sentence. There are different kinds of Adverbs that we have covered before:

  1. Adverbs of time: These show the time of the action. They answer the question of when?  Example – She walked in today.
  2. Adverbs of manner: These adverbs show the manner of action. they usually are the common adverb type. They answer the question of how? Example – The turtle walked slowly. 
  3. Adverbs of place: This kind of adverbs show the place of the action, essentially answering the question of where? Example – We looked for mushrooms everywhere in the marshy land.
  4. Adverbs of degree: This kind shows the degree of the verb, essentially answering the question of how much? Example – This escalated very quickly.

Adjective:

This part of speech adds what we can call color to the sentence. An adjective describes the noun or a pronoun. It could be a quality or shape or size or number. let’s understand this with the help of a few examples:

  1. My grandfather has a beautiful house in San Francisco.
  2. She is a clever girl.
  3. My house is situated in a quaint place in the village.

Preposition:

Prepositions are simply words that connect different elements in a sentence to define a relation between them. Some prepositions are- with, to, from, on, in, beneath, between and so on.

  1. The cat is sitting on the table.
  2. Please put a layer of caramel inside my roll.

Conjunction:

Conjunction are words that join two clauses, phrases or words in a single sentence. Let’s see a few examples:

  1. This meditation technique is very clam and healing.
  2. I wanted to backpack across Europe, but I have to wait until March end till the weather gets better.
  3. We are going to Puerto Rico next year because of my brother’s wedding there.

Interjection:

Interjections are usually words that express strong emotions usually followed by an exclamation mark. For example:

  1. Hurray! We will be seeing the space very soon.
  2. Ouch! That sting ray really hurt!
  3. Bravo! Well done!

Now that we hope you have some idea of the different parts of speech, you know what would be great? If you could just pick up a few sentences, sit with your teacher and identify all these parts of speech one by one in a few sample sentences. Learning is always by doing, remember this. Only when you do it for yourself will you truly learn anything. Trust yourself and go for it. You are on your way to becoming a grammar guru. Have fun!

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Patil shrutika chandrakantBikimahuImrannagari venkata ramana Recent comment authors
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Swapan Banerjee
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Swapan Banerjee

Simple but very nice explanation and helpfull too.

Rahul Bhosale
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Rahul Bhosale

Yes

Boy
Guest
Boy

Us

Debayan Das
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Debayan Das

What is the voice change of ” I have endeavoured to understand the fundamental truths.”

HASMAT ALI
Guest
HASMAT ALI

ENDEAVOUR HAS BEEN MADE BY ME TO UNDERSTAND THE FUNDAMENTAL TRUTH.

Ammarah
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Ammarah

The fundamental truths has been endeavored to understood by me

nagari venkata ramana
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nagari venkata ramana

to be understood

Biki
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Biki

The fundamental truths have been endeavoured to be understood by me

nicanor
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nicanor

The fundamental truths to understand had been endeavoured by him

nagari venkata ramana
Guest
nagari venkata ramana

The fundamental truths have endeavoured to be understood by me

Patil shrutika chandrakant
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Patil shrutika chandrakant

The fundamental truths has been understood endeavoured to by me

R chakraborty
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R chakraborty

How to change the voice for the following sentence – the books will be received by tomorrow

Adrian
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Adrian

By whom? We need a subject. If the subject was for example “The library”, then the sentence in active voice would read “The library will receive the books by tomorrow”.

sneha
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sneha

You will receive the books by tomorrow.

Karthickkathir
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Karthickkathir

Tomorrow you will receive the book

Alshay
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Alshay

You will receive the books (by) tomorrow.

Debasis Paul
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Someone will receive the books by tomorrow

Kritika
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Kritika

Tomorrow will be receive the books

HASMAT ALI
Guest
HASMAT ALI

HE WILL RECEIVE THE BOOKS BY TOMORROW.

Xolani Innocent Nkosi
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Xolani Innocent Nkosi

By tomorrow the books will be received.

nagari venkata ramana
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nagari venkata ramana

By tomorrow, you will receive the books

Patil shrutika chandrakant
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Patil shrutika chandrakant

Tomorrow received the book

Madhavan
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Madhavan

Change this “take right and turn left” into passive voice

Debasis Paul
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Let the right be taken amd left be turned

Debasis Paul
Guest

‘amd’ is “and” 😅

Gaurav
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Gaurav

You are advised to take right and turn left

Kishor
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Kishor

Very helpful information thanks

Shahrukh Malik
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Shahrukh Malik

Very well explained all basics that can lead to gain further knowledge very easily

Ankit
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Ankit

What is in this box change into passive

osei anthony
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osei anthony

what is the voice change of,” some people think nuclear is the best, because it doesnt add to global warming “….

Rani
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Rani

Nuclear is considered the best by some people because it doesn’t add to global warming.

Rishabh
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Brilliant stuff!!
– Rishabh

Priya
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Priya

A kite was made by Ravi . What is the active form of this statement???

Yas
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Yas

Ravi makes a kite

Rani
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Rani

Ravi made the kite.

Naga Samhitha
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how to change into passive this sentence “when they were shifting the patient to the I.C.U.,he died

Naga Samhitha
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change into passive voice this sentence “when they were shifting the patient to I.C.U.,he died .

Anushri shukla
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Anushri shukla

May you tell us tense conversion in voice.

Akash
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Akash

Sentences without action like…. Jim is a doctor . Is it active or passive and if any how would you decide without having a main verb ?

Imran
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Imran

It is named after the name of its principal tree ‘sundari'(passive)

mahu
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mahu

how can ocean be object 🙄???

Biki
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Biki

They made a bag

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