Transformation of Sentences

Types of Sentences

You come across so many sentences every day. And all of these sentences can be categorized into 4 types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory; each with its own specific purpose. Punctuation also plays a role in differentiating between these types. Let’s understand the types of sentences.

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Types of Sentences:

Declarative sentences:

As the name suggests, a declarative sentence simply declares a statement or an opinion. A declarative sentence has a neutral tone, meaning it ends with a period mark “.” A few examples of declarative sentences:

  • I live at 24, East street.
  • I like ice-cream.
  • The wind is blowing from the west.

Notice how both these sentences declare some feelings but not very strong feelings, feelings like ” I absolutely love ice cream!”. This sentence becomes an exclamatory sentence ending in the exclamation mark – “!”

Exclamatory sentences:

types of sentences

As the name suggests, exclamatory sentences express strong feelings and excitement or extreme dislike. These sentences are quite loud, in the sense that they explain full emotions. These are declarations just like declarative sentences but with much stronger emotions. That’s why they end in the exclamation mark.

  • Wow, she must love scuba diving!
  • Red sea blue holes are out of this world!
  • I can’t believe she ran that fast to grab the bone!

Imperative sentences:

Whenever a demand is expressed, it’s an imperative sentence. It could also be instructions, requests, a wish or demands. Basically anything you want to make happen can be expressed in what we call, imperative sentence.

  • Come to the ball dance with me! (Expressing an invitation)
  • Sop moving in circles! (Expressing a command)
  • Move in circle just once a day. (Expressing an instruction)
  • Have fun at the ball dance! (Expressing a wish)
  • Please get out of the room! (Expressing a command)

Notice how imperative sentences above are expressing something to happen, maybe strongly or mildly followed by an exclamation mark or a period respectively. Remember this while forming imperative sentences. Depending upon the sentence’s mood, the sentence is followed by an exclamation mark or a period. Very strong emotions are of course followed by an exclamation mark.

Important note: Do not confuse imperative sentences with exclamatory sentences. One clear cut difference is that there’s always a command in the imperative sentence whereas there never will be a command in the exclamatory sentence. Exclamatory sentences are declarations but really strong ones. Both sentences have exclamatory marks at the end, but they are two different ones.

Browse more Topics Under Transformation Sentences

Interrogative sentences:

Interrogative sentences as the name suggests, express e=interrogation or questions and naturally end in the question mark – “?” Remember that these sentences have which, when, where, how and what in them.

  • When do you get off work?
  • Who do you trust the most in the world?
  • Where do you live in California?
  • Which city is your favourite?
  • How can I get to this karate teacher?

It may not contain the “wh” questions but could simply be a yes/no question.

  • Is she a student of Arts?
  • Do you like to eat ice-cream?

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Now you should just identify the following sentences:

  • Where is her house?
  • Wow, she swims like a fish!
  • I would love to take you to the dinner!
  • She is sitting on the couch.

Let’s see if you can identify these. Have fun!

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37 responses to “Active and Passive voice”

  1. Swapan Banerjee says:

    Simple but very nice explanation and helpfull too.

  2. Debayan Das says:

    What is the voice change of ” I have endeavoured to understand the fundamental truths.”

  3. R chakraborty says:

    How to change the voice for the following sentence – the books will be received by tomorrow

  4. Madhavan says:

    Change this “take right and turn left” into passive voice

  5. Kishor says:

    Very helpful information thanks

  6. Shahrukh Malik says:

    Very well explained all basics that can lead to gain further knowledge very easily

  7. Ankit says:

    What is in this box change into passive

  8. osei anthony says:

    what is the voice change of,” some people think nuclear is the best, because it doesnt add to global warming “….

  9. Rishabh says:

    Brilliant stuff!!
    – Rishabh

  10. Priya says:

    A kite was made by Ravi . What is the active form of this statement???

  11. how to change into passive this sentence “when they were shifting the patient to the I.C.U.,he died

  12. change into passive voice this sentence “when they were shifting the patient to I.C.U.,he died .

  13. Anushri shukla says:

    May you tell us tense conversion in voice.

  14. Akash says:

    Sentences without action like…. Jim is a doctor . Is it active or passive and if any how would you decide without having a main verb ?

  15. Imran says:

    It is named after the name of its principal tree ‘sundari'(passive)

  16. mahu says:

    how can ocean be object 🙄???

  17. Biki says:

    They made a bag

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