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General Knowledge > Overview of India > India: States and Union Territories
Overview of India

India: States and Union Territories

We all know that India is a federation of 29 states plus 6 Union Territories plus Delhi which is both the city and the union territory of India. The territories are controlled by the federal government.  All the states of our country are diverse and unique culturally, politically, and demographically. However, over the years we have seen that there is diversity in unity and our country is definitely an example of this.

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Despite Hindi being the official language of India. Each of the states has a different official language. India has 22 official languages which are a part of the Scheduled Languages of India. This is not including the other hundreds of minority languages or thousands of dialects whose speakers number in the population of millions is low.

This is a better proof of the acceptance of diversity in India. Let’s take a look at these states and union territories that are all diverse from each other in formation, culture, languages and traditions.

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States and Union Territories

Union Territory

States

Andhra Pradesh

The capital of Andhra Pradesh is Hyderabad. Visakhapatnam is the largest city here. It has a total area of 160,205km/61,855mi and a population of 49,386,799. In this state, Telugu is the official language. The date of establishment of Andhra Pradesh is 1 October 1953.

Arunachal Pradesh

The capital of Arunachal Pradesh is Itanagar. Itanagar is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 83,743km/ 32,333mi and a population of 1,382,611. In this state, English is the official language. The date of establishment of Arunachal Pradesh is 20 February 1987.

Assam

The capital of Assam is Dispur. Guwahati is the largest city here. It has a total area of 78,438km/30,285mi and a population of 31,205,576. In this state, Assamese (also Bengali and Bodo in some districts) is the official language. The date of establishment of Assam is 15 August 1947.

Bihar

The capital of Bihar is Patna. Patna is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 94,163km/36,357mi and a population of 103,804,637. In this state, Hindi (Urdu, secondary official) is the official language. The date of establishment of Bihar is 15 August 1947.

Chhattisgarh

The capital of Chhattisgarh is Naya Raipur. Raipur is the largest city here. It has a total area of 135,194.5km/52,198.9mi and a population of 25,545,198. In this state, Hindi is the official language. The date of establishment of Chhattisgarh is 1 November 2000.

Goa

The capital of Goa is Panaji. Vasco da Gama is the largest city here. It has a total area of 3,702km/1,429mi and a population of 1,457,723. In this state, Konkani (Marathi can also be used) is the official language. The date of establishment of Goa is 30 May 1987.

Gujarat

The capital of Gujarat is Gandhinagar. Ahmedabad is the largest city here. It has a total area of 196,024km/75,685mi and a population of 60,383,628. In this state, Gujarati is the official language. The date of establishment of Gujarat is 1 May 1960.

Haryana

The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh. Faridabad is the largest city here. It has a total area of 44,212km/17,070mi and a population of 25,351,462. In this state, Hindi (Punjabi, secondary official) is the official language. The date of establishment of Haryana is 1 November 1966.

Himachal Pradesh

The capital of Himachal Pradesh is Shimla. Shimla is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 55,673km/21,495mi and a population of 6,856,509. In this state, Hindi (English, secondary official) is the official language. The date of establishment of Himachal Pradesh is 25 January 1971.

Jammu & Kashmir

The capital of Jammu & Kashmir is Jammu (winter), Srinagar (summer). Srinagar is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 222,236km/85,806mi including all areas currently administered by Pakistan and China. The population of Jammu & Kashmir is 12,548,926. In this state, Urdu is the official language. The date of establishment of Jammu & Kashmir is 26 October 1947.

Jharkhand

The capital of Jharkhand is Ranchi. Jamshedpur is the largest city here. It has a total area of 79,714km/30,778mi and a population of 32,988,134. In this state, Hindi is the official language. The date of establishment of Jharkhand is 15 November 2000.

Karnataka

The capital of Karnataka is Bangalore (Bengaluru). Bangalore (Bengaluru) is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 191,791km/74,051mi and a population of 61,130,704. In this state, Kannada is the official language. The date of establishment of Karnataka is 1 November 1956.

Kerala

The capital of Kerala is Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 38,863km/15,005mi and a population of 33,387,677. In this state, Malayalam is the official language. The date of establishment of Kerala is 1 November 1956.

Madhya Pradesh

The capital of Madhya Pradesh is Bhopal. Indore is the largest city here. It has a total area of 308,245km/119,014mi and a population of 72,597,565. In this state, Hindi is the official language. The date of establishment of Madhya Pradesh is 1 November 1956.

Maharashtra

The capital of Maharashtra is Mumbai. Mumbai is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 307,713km/118,809mi and a population of 112,372,972. In this state, Marathi is the official language. The date of establishment of Maharashtra is 1 May 1960.

Manipur

The capital of Manipur is Imphal. Imphal is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 22,327km/8,621mi and a population of 2,570,390. In this state, Meithei is the official language. The date of establishment of Manipur is 21 January 1972.

Meghalaya

The capital of Meghalaya is Shillong. Shillong is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 22,429km/8,660mi and a population of 2,964,007. In this state, English is the official language. The date of establishment of Meghalaya is 21 January 1972.

Mizoram

The capital of Mizoram is Aizawl. Aizawl is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 21,087km/8,142mi and a population of 1,091,014. In this state, Mizo and English are the official languages. The date of establishment of Mizoram is 20 February 1987.

Nagaland

The capital of Nagaland is Kohima. Dimapur is the largest city here. It has a total area of 16,579km/6,401mii and a population of 1,980,602. In this state, English is the official language. The date of establishment of Nagaland is 1 December 1963.

Odisha

The capital of Odisha is Bhubaneswar. Bhubaneswar is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 155,820km/60,160mi and a population of 41,947,358. In this state, Odia is the official language. The date of establishment of Odisha is 1 April 1939.

Punjab

The capital of Punjab is Chandigarh. Ludhiana is the largest city here. It has a total area of 50,362km/19,445mi and a population of 27,704,236. In this state, Punjabi is the official language. The date of establishment of Punjab is 15 August 1947.

Rajasthan

The capital of Rajasthan is Jaipur. Jaipur is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 342,239km/132,139mi and a population of 73,529,325. In this state, Hindi is the official language. The date of establishment of Rajasthan is 1 November 1956.

Sikkim

The capital of Sikkim is Gangtok. Gangtok is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 7,096km/2,740mi and a population of 607,688. In this state, English (main), Nepali, Sikkimese, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Gurung, Magar, Sherpa, Tamang, and Sunwar (!) are the official languages. The date of establishment of Sikkim is 16 May 1975.

Tamil Nadu

The capital of Tamil Nadu is Chennai. Chennai is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 130,058km/50,216mi and a population of 72,147,030. In this state, Tamil is the official language. The date of establishment of Tamil Nadu is 26 January 1950.

Telangana

The capital of Telangana is Hyderabad. Hyderabad is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 114,840km/44,340mi and a population of 35,193,978. In this state, Telugu and Urdu are the official languages. The date of establishment of Telangana is 2 June 2014.

 Tripura

The capital of Tripura is Agartala. Agartala is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 10,491.69km/4,050.86mi and a population of 3,671,032. In this state, Bengali and Kokborok are the official languages. The date of establishment of Tripura is 21 January 1972.

Uttar Pradesh

The capital of Uttar Pradesh is Lucknow. Lucknow is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 243,286km/93,933mi and a population of 199,581,477. In this state, Hindi and Urdu are the official languages. The date of establishment of Uttar Pradesh is 15 August 1947.

Uttarakhand

The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun. Dehradun is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 53,483km/20,650mi and a population of 10,116,752. In this state, Hindi and Sanskrit (!) are the official languages. The date of establishment of Uttarakhand is 9 November 2000.

West Bengal

The capital of West Bengal is Kolkata. Kolkata is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 88,752km/34,267mi and a population of 91,347,736. In this state, Bengali (Nepali in Darjeeling district) is the official language. The date of establishment of West Bengal is 15 August 1947.

Union Territories

Andaman and Nicobar Islands

The capital of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is Port Blair. Port Blair is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 8,073km/3,117mi and a population of 380,500. In this union territory, Hindi and English are the official languages. The date of establishment of Andaman and Nicobar Islands is 1 November 1956.

Chandigarh

The capital of Chandigarh is Chandigarh. Chandigarh is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 114km/44mi and a population of 1,054,686. In this union territory, English is the official language. The date of establishment of Chandigarh is 1 November 1966.

Dadra and Nagar Haveli

The capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is Silvassa. Silvassa is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 487km/118mi and a population of 342,853. In this union territory, Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English are the official languages. The date of establishment of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is 1 August 1961.

Daman and Diu

The capital of Daman and Diu is Daman. Daman is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 102km/39mi and a population of 242,911. In this union territory, Marathi, Gujarati, Hindi, and English are the official languages. The date of establishment of Daman and Diu is 30 May 1987.

Lakshadweep

The capital of Lakshadweep is Kavaratti. Andrott is the largest city here. It has a total area of 32km/12mi and a population of 65,473. In this union territory, Malayalam, English are the official languages. The date of establishment of Lakshadweep is 1 November 1956.

Puducherry

The capital of Puducherry is Pondicherry. Pondicherry is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 492km/190mi and a population of 1,244,464. In this union territory, Tamil, Malayalam, and Telugu are the official languages. The date of establishment of Puducherry is 1 November 1956.

Delhi

The capital of Delhi is New Delhi. New Delhi is also the largest city here. It has a total area of 1,484km/573mi and a population of 16,314,838. In this union territory, Hindi and English are the official languages. The date of establishment of Delhi is 1 February 1922.

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Mam /sir everything was fine but i dont understand tha last topic requirment what was the need but overall it was very helpful to me ☺

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