In order to understand the difference between Cyclones and Hurricanes, first, we need to understand these terms and their meaning exactly. These two are different from one another, but still, people always confuse one with the other. Cyclones are mainly atmospheric conditions, which are stormy and possess power for destruction. Due to instability in atmospheric condition cyclones form. On the basis of the region and severity, cyclones can be termed as typhoons or hurricanes. Therefore, hurricanes are a kind of tropical cyclones. Hurricanes can wreak havoc due to their high winds, rains, and floods. The main factor to differentiate between cyclones from the hurricanes is the geographical location in which they occur. Let us explore the difference between cyclones and hurricanes. A tropical system that occurs in the Atlantic and Northeast Pacific ocean is called a hurricane while in the north Indian Ocean they are called a cyclone.
What Are Cyclones?
Cyclone term is referring to the spinning storm which rotates around the low-pressure center. This low-pressure center is also popular as the ‘eye’ of the storm. It is well known for being eerily calm compared with the areas under the spinning arms of the storm. Cyclones are considered as the stormy atmospheric systems. These are happening due to the instability in atmospheric conditions. Based on the region and severity of stormy conditions, storms may be termed as typhoons or hurricanes.
What are the Hurricanes?
A hurricane is the category of a huge storm. It is a special cyclone. It can be up to 600 miles across. Also, it has the strong winds spiraling inward and upward at speed up to 200 mph. usually, hurricane lasts for over a week period. They are getting the heat and energy through contact with warm water of the ocean.
The evaporation of seawater increases their power. They rotate in an anticlockwise direction around an “eye” in the Northern Hemisphere. Whereas they rotate clockwise direction in the Southern Hemisphere. They can do huge damage due to heavy rain, strong winds, and large waves.
Difference Between Cyclones and Hurricanes
The important difference between cyclones and hurricanes
|Definition||It is an atmospheric system of rapidly circulating air having a low-pressure center and accompanied by stormy and destructive weather.||It is a type of cyclone which is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, with varying high speeds reaching it.|
|Intensity||Commonly quite strong intensity.||Hurricanes are classified into five categories, as per the intensity.|
|Rotation||Its rotation is clockwise in the southern hemisphere, but anticlockwise in the northern hemisphere.||Its rotation is clockwise in the southern hemisphere, but anticlockwise in the northern hemisphere|
|Location||It is probable in the Southern Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean.||It is probable in the North Atlantic Ocean and Northeast Pacific Ocean.|
|Frequency||It happens around 10-14 every year.||It happens around 10-15 every year.|
After studying the difference between Cyclones and Hurricanes, let us study some more facts.
Some more facts:
- The term ‘cyclone’ mainly refers to different types of storms. They happen in different places. Their types are Tropical cyclones, Polar cyclones, and Mesocyclone.
- Tropical waves are due to low-pressure trough moving generally westward with the trade winds.
- Tropical Cyclone is the generic term for any organized low pressure which develops over the tropical and sub-tropical waters.
- Also, the Tropical storms are the tropical cyclone with maximum sustained wind speeds that range from 39 to 73 mph
- Hurricanes are the tropical cyclone with sustained winds of at least 74 mph.
FAQs about cyclones and hurricane:
Q.1: Who names hurricanes?
Solution: From the year 1950 to 1952, tropical cyclones of the North Atlantic Ocean were termed by the phonetic alphabet. In the year 1953, the US Weather Bureau switched to women’s names. There were 6 different name lists that were alternating each year. After having significant damage, the name of the hurricane is being retired and then replaced with another.
Q.2: What are the two major geographical elements providing the conditions for the sustainability of the hurricane?
Solution: Heat and moisture two major geographical elements providing the conditions for sustainability of the hurricane.
Q.3: Differentiate the terms typhoon with the hurricane.
Solution: It is very important while talking about ocean storms because the location of the storm determines what we call it. If the storm occurs in the Atlantic Ocean and Northeast Pacific, then it is called a hurricane. On the other hand, if the exact same type of storm occurs in the Northwest Pacific, this is a typhoon.
Q.4: What is a Hurricane Watch?
A: A Hurricane Watch is meant for the possible danger and its development as a hurricane is about 36 to 48 hours away from landfall.
Q.5: What are the common places and origins of tropical cyclones as hurricanes?
A: The three very common origins of tropical storms and hurricanes are the Gulf of Mexico, Western Caribbean, and Near the Cape Verde Islands on the coast of West Africa.