Density of Steel – How to Calculate the Density of Metal?

Steel is not one of the natural elements that we find inside the earth. It is an alloy that we make after a complete process. Also, it is dense than many natural elements and has a high density. Furthermore, in this topic, we are going to discuss the density of steel and how to calculate it.

density of steel

What is Steel?

Steel is an alloy that is mostly made up of iron (with some carbon, manganese, some aluminum or silicon for detoxification and possibly some other alloys). In addition, the alloy elements are in a small amount, so they have very little effect on the density of steel.

But high-density alloys produce greater density steel. That’s why the density of steel varies from 7750 kg/m3 to 8050 kg/m3. But, steel is not the densest alloy or metal. Furthermore, the density of aluminum, iron, and gold is more than steel.

Properties of Steel

The properties of steel include:


Tenacity is the property of a metal that helps them in resistance from breakage, scratching, cutting or any other forms of damage. In addition, the harder the material the greater its strength will be. Furthermore, it helps them to absorb the pressure or stress from the sudden impact. Besides, in the case of steel, this tendency rises with an increase in temperature.


All metals pose this tendency so do steel. However, it involves the application of steel locally for melting that is then cooled down which can be rapid because of the surrounding material and its willingness to dissipate heat.

In addition, the weld is small there is little material and persuaded heat needed for melting. Also, it causes hardening in the heated area but it reduces the toughness of the metal. Most noteworthy, it depends on the elements of the alloy and the weakness it has towards fragility.


It is the strength of something to last longer. Also, it depends upon the coating and materials used for manufacturing. Furthermore, this coating depends on the degree of location, exposure, load, service life of the design, etc.

Also, it includes the corrosion resistance steels that we use in the construction of a building and other materials. Besides, painting and galvanizing are some of the most common measures to prevent corrosion.


It is the property of the metal in which we can deform or elongate them. Also, this determines the start of the performance and the subsequent fracture due to the tensile load exerted on it. Besides, for designing the ductility of material is very important and various aspects have to be taken into consideration, which are:

  • The stress should be distributed in the limit state of the material
  • Also, reduce the spread of fatigue cracking
  • Consider the bending and strengthening
  • Besides, know about the welding in designing as it reduces toughness.


Strength is the most common property that designers use because all basic rules give a design code that revolves around the strength of an object. In addition, tensile strength permits a range of values to determine product standards.

How to calculate the density of Metal?

We calculate the density of metal by dividing the mass of the object by its volume.

Density = Mass/ volume

Suppose the mass of the object is 7.952 pounds and its volume is 28 cubic inches then its density would be 0.284 per cubic inch.

Solved Question on Density of Steel

Question. Which of the following we do not use in the process of manufacturing of steel?

A. Iron
B. Aluminum
C. Copper
D. Manganese

Answer. The correct answer is option C because iron, aluminum, manganese is used in the process of manufacturing of steel.

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Dr. Nazma Shaik
Gaurav Tiwari
Get Started

One response to “Mechanical Properties of Mild Steel”

  1. Hamza Afzal says:

    I was looking for this answer, “As all the other are mild steel means they have high resistance while stainless steel is a hard steel that has low resistance.” stainless steel has low resistance?
    Low resistance to what type of load, impact or tensile load. With change in low type, property of steel may very. And, also, Will stainless steel have high yield strength?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Customize your course in 30 seconds

No thanks.