Ethanol is a chemical compound that is present in a lot of things we use daily, ranging from perfumes to alcoholic beverages. In this article, we will learn more about the ethanol formula and uses of ethanol. Ethanol is transformed in the body first to acetaldehyde and then to carbon dioxide and water, at the rate of about half a fluid ounce, or 15 ml, per hour; this quantity corresponds to dietary intake of about 100 calories.
What is Ethanol?
Ethanol is commonly referring to as ethyl alcohol, pure alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, which is most familiar as the alcohol present in alcoholic beverages. Ethanol, which can also shorten as EtOH, is a colorless liquid with a slight odor, and it is soluble in water. It is combustible and volatile, so it evaporates easily when left in an open container. Ethanol, also known as Absolute alcohol, alcohol, cologne spirit, drinking alcohol, methyl carbinol, ethylic alcohol, ethyl hydrate, ethyl hydroxide, and ethane monoxide.
Chemical Formula of Ethanol:
The symbol of Ethanol is:
The chemical formula of ethanol: It is two carbon alcohol. If the molecular formula writes as CH3CH2OH, it is clear to see how the molecules form. The methyl group (CH3) carbon adds to the methylene group (CH2) carbon, which joins to the oxygen of the hydroxyl group (OH). The methyl and methylene group form an ethyl group commonly shows as Et in organic chemistry. This is why the structure can of ethanol to write as EtOH.
Ethanol compose either by fermentation or by synthesis is obtained as a dilute aqueous solution and collects by fractional distillation. Direct distillation can accept at best the constant-boiling-point blend containing 95.6 percent by weight of ethanol. Dehydration of the constant-boiling-point blend gets anhydrous, or absolute, alcohol. Ethanol intends for industrial use is normally denature, typically with methanol, benzene, or kerosene.
Applications of Ethanol:
Ethanol is such a simple chemical compound, but it has several uses. It is used in households, antiseptics cleaning products, and even varnishes.
Ethanol is the alcohol that is found in our alcoholic beverages like vodka, rum, beer, whiskey, and brandy. In alcoholic beverages, the ethanol generates from the process of fermentation, which is the chemical breakdown of sugar by yeast.
We usually see hand sanitizer dispensers in public restrooms. During the flu season, we also do carry a small bottle of hand sanitizer in our bags. Ethanol is effective in eliminates organisms like bacteria, fungi, and viruses, so it is no surprise that another common use of ethanol is that it is an element in hand sanitizer gels. It also applies to medical wipes and at clinics and hospitals.
Some products have in common is that the solvent use ethanol. Because it dissolves quickly with water and many other organic compounds, ethanol makes an absolute solvent for these products. It is a popular solvent in personal care products, like deodorants, hairsprays, and astringents. It also finds in food additives, like food coloring and flavoring. Varnish, lacquers, and Paints also have ethanol as one of their components.
Q.1: Calculate the molar mass of the ethanol compound.
Solution: Its formula is C2H5OH.
1 mol of ethanol contains 2 mol of carbon atoms (2 × 12.011g = 24.022g), 6 mol of hydrogen atoms (6 × 1.0079g = 6.0474), and 1 mol of oxygen atoms (1 × 15.9994g = 15.9994g).
Its molar mass is 46.069 g/mol.
The molecular mass of Ethanol is 46.069 gram per mole.