In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO CLASSES completely FREE to prevent interruption in studies
English > Prepositions > Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality
Prepositions

Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality

Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality: As we covered before, Prepositions are words that link either the noun, or the pronoun with another word in the sentence so as to form a relationship between them. To define it: A preposition is a word usually placed before a Noun(or a pronoun) to show it’s relation to another element in the sentence. This element could be another noun, adjective or verb.

Suggested Videos

Play
Play
Play
Arrow
Arrow
ArrowArrow
Introduction to Prepositions
Types of Prepositions H
Forms of Prepositions h
Slider

 

In our previous chapters, we read about the introduction and kinds of Prepositions. Further, we went one step further and dissected each kind one by one, which leads us to our chapter here – Prepositions of Agency or Instrumentality. Let’s understand it further:

Preposition of agency or instrumentality

Browse more Topics under Prepositions

Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality:

These prepositions are usually placed to connect the doer and the doing, basically the noun and the verb. Agent, as you know, is the connector. It’s that which makes something happen. So that means Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality are placed in a sentence to fulfil the purpose of showing an agent. Let’s see which words do this and how:

  1. By:

By is usually used to show a doing by a person. Let’s see a few examples to get this fully:

  • This food store is constructed by my father. (A doing was done by a person- Construction is the action and father is the noun, and by is the preposition connecting them to show their relation.)
  • Harry Potter was written by J.K. Rowling.
  • The much acclaimed song “Something” was written by none other than Sir George Harrison.
  • This sweater was knitted for me by my grandmother.

2. With: 

Usually used to show a doing by a thing, with is another Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality.  Let’s see a few examples:

  • We drove away the mosquitoes with the repellant spray. (A doing was done with something- Drove away is the action and the repellant spray is the noun that the preposition with is connecting. The purpose of the preposition here as you can see is to show the agent of the action- Preposition of Agency or Instrumentality.)
  • We flushed out the dirt from the terrace with water. (The verb or the action here is flushed out and the noun is water. The act was done using the noun, water and the word showing this agency is shown using the the preposition- with.)
  • Mother chopped onions with a knife.

Alternatively, usually places where “with the help of” phrase is used can be replaced by with. We will see that the same words can be used in most kinds of prepositions alike. The key difference lies in the purpose we use the preposition for. You know which prepositions to use for agency or instrumentality. Keep having fun with grammar!

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

1
Leave a Reply

avatar
1 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
1 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
1 Comment authors
shraddha Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
shraddha
Guest
shraddha

all information is good but can u add more exceptions and errors that are commonly made while using prepositions.

Stuck with a

Question Mark?

Have a doubt at 3 am? Our experts are available 24x7. Connect with a tutor instantly and get your concepts cleared in less than 3 steps.
toppr Code

chance to win a

study tour
to ISRO

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Get Question Papers of Last 10 Years

Which class are you in?
No thanks.