Civilian awards in India like Bharat Ratna, Padma Vibhushan, Padma Shri, Padma Bhushan are distributed to citizens of India. And Oscars, Nobel Prizes and UNESCO are given across the World. An award is a symbol of honour consequently given to someone who has earned it by virtue of their achievements. There are various awards and prizes distributed across the globe. Here, we will discuss some of the most prestigious awards among these.
List of Civilians Awards in India
- Bharat Ratna
- Padma Vibhushan
- Padma Bhushan
- Padma Shri
List of Awards and Prizes across the World
- Nobel Prize
- UNESCO Human Rights Awards
- Oscar Awards
Awards and Prizes of World
Nobel Prize is the most coveted and prestigious international award for intellectual achievement in the world. This prestigious award is available in various fields like medicine, physics, literature, peace, economics and also chemistry.
UNESCO Human Rights Awards
UNESCO Human Rights Awards was established in the year 1966 and is one of the famous awards that has been awarded every 5 years as a result of the contribution of an individual towards the human right establishment. The first award was given on World Human Rights Day in 1968. Malala Yousafzai received it in 2013.
The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) instituted Oscar Awards or the Academy Awards in the year 1929. Bhanu Athaiya was the first Indian to get an Oscar for the movie Gandhi and also, Satyajit Ray was the first Indian to achieve lifetime achievement awards in 1992.
Civilians Awards in India
Dada Saheb Phalke Awards
The Government of India gives the Dada Saheb Phalke Award for lifetime contribution to Indian cinema.
Instituted in the year 1954, Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian award of the country. This award is eligible to any person without any distinction of race, occupation, position or sex. Someone receives Bharat Ratna for the highest degrees of national service that includes literary, artistic as well as recognition of public service. It translates to Gem of India or Jewel of India.
The Government of India gives the Arjuna Award in order to recognize outstanding achievement in National Sports.
Padma Vibhushan – Second highest Civilian award in India
Padma Vibhushan is second highest civilian awards in India in various disciplines including art, social work, public affairs, medicine, literature, sports and also civil services. Every year on the occasion of Republic Day the awards are consequently announced. The award has been awarded to about 300 individuals as of the year 2017 which includes 19 non-citizen recipients and also 12 posthumous.
Param Vir Chakra
Param Vir Chakra is the highest award for military services.
Solved Examples for You
1. Which of the following fields do not have Nobel Prize?
Solution : (4) Music
2. Which is the highest gallantry award for the personnel of armed forces in India?
- Ashoka Chakra
- Maha Vir Chakra
- Param Vir Chakra
- Kirti Chakra
Solution : (3) Param Vir Chakra
3. The first Bharat Ratna awarded in which year?
Solution : (2) 1954
4. UNESCO instituted which of the following award?
- Nehru Award for international understanding
- Kalinga Prize
- Arjuna Award
- Dronacharya Award
Solution : (2 ) Kalinga Prize
5. Who among the following non-Indians was conferred India’s highest national award ‘Bharat Ratna’?
- Sam Nujoma
- Martin Luther King
- Zubin Mehta
- Nelson Mandela
Solution : (4 ) Nelson Mandela