I’m sure you have heard that India is a monsoon dependent country. Therefore, rainfall has a huge impact on our agricultural output and even on our economy. But, this isn’t the dark ages. In other words, we now have modern systems that support our farmers and the agricultural sector. For instance, one such practice where we have made advancements is in Irrigation. So, let us learn more about this.
Irrigation means the watering of land to make it ready for agriculture. It is the process of application of water to crops through artificial channels to grow them.
- dams and reservoirs
Importance of Irrigation
Irrigation is necessary for agriculture and farming.
- Firstly, it enables growth and photosynthesis in Plants. Plants absorb minerals and nutrients from the soil via their roots. These minerals dissolve in the water present in the soil. Then the water transports these nutrients to all parts of the plant. In this way, it enables growth and photosynthesis.
- Secondly, it provides the moisture that is crucial during the germination phase of the plant’s life cycle
- Thirdly, it helps increase soil fertility by adding moisture to it. It also makes the land easier to plough.
- Lastly, it increases the yield from the farm.
Traditional Irrigation Methods
2. Chain pump
It is a process of drawing water from a well or such similar source. Here we tie a rope and bucket to a pole. At the other end, we tie a heavy stick or any other object as a counterbalance. And we use this pole to draw up water.
Modern Irrigation Methods
1. Drip Irrigation System
2. Sprinkler System
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: Which of the following systems supply water directly to the roots without wastage?
- Drip irrigation
- All the above
Solution: The correct answer is “b”. Drip method allows water to drip into the roots of the plants, either onto the soil’s surface or onto the root zone.