In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO CLASSES completely FREE to prevent interruption in studies
Computer Aptitude and Knowledge > Basics of Computers > Basic Internet Knowledge and Protocols
Basics of Computers

Basic Internet Knowledge and Protocols

In this day and age, everything is digitalized. Technology has made our lives so much simpler and faster. And of the biggest contributing factor of this has been the development of the internet. Even from an IBPS, bank exam point of view, studying the Basic Internet Knowledge and Protocols is important. So let us get started.

Suggested Videos

Play
Play
Play
Arrow
Arrow
ArrowArrow
Coding Decoding Group of Words Coded as Numbers
Coding Decoding Numbers Coded as Numbers
Ranking II
Slider

 

Basic Internet Knowledge and Protocols

What is the Internet?

We always associate the internet with the web. But essentially the internet is just a massive networking infrastructure that connects millions of users and devices from across the world.

It connects more than 190 countries of the world allowing is a free exchange of data and information at lightning fast speeds.

Now comes the question of how does this information flow on the internet? The basic function of the internet is to move computerized data from one place to another.

This happens as the internet is decentralized, i.e. not under any control. Every computer or device is an independent host and the information just moves from one host to another via the internet.

Browse more Topics under Basics Of Computers

Learn more about Input and Output Devices here in detail

Let us learn some important terms related to the internet

  • WWW: World Wide Web. This is what we call the web. It is a collection of information, data, videos, pictures, multimedia etc on the internet. It is all linked together through the world wide web.
  • URL: It stands for Universal Resource Locator. This is the link that connects the user to the remote locator on the world wide web. It is basically a link to a website, which opens when you click on the URL.
  • Host: Any computer or device that is used to transfer the data
  • IP Address: IP Address is a unique code for each computer or device that connects to the internet. It is four numbers between 0 and 255 separated by a dot. Example 23.187.09.65

Basic Internet Knowledge and Protocols

What are Internet Protocols?

The internet is a massive networking infrastructure. So there have to be some rules that regulate such a network. So internet protocols are a set of regulations and protocols that define and govern the format of the data that is sent via the internet. It is the method by which the data is sent over from one host to another.

When you send data over the internet this data is divided into smaller packets. Each packet contains the senders and the receivers IP address.

These packs first go to the gateway computer which reads the destination address and forwards it to the adjacent gateway. The next gateway will also do the same until the packet ultimately reaches its destination address.

Let us take a look at some of the important types of internet protocols:

  • TCP: Transmission Control Protocol. This is the protocol for communicating over a network. The data is broken down into smaller packets, identifiable by their IP address.
  • FTP: File Transfer Protocol. Used for transferring files over the internet. This includes text and multimedia files as well. It is faster than the other methods.
  • HTTP: Hypertext Transfer Protocol. It follows the client and server model. It facilitates the connection between web client and web server.

Practice Questions for You

Q: ____ manages the transmission of outgoing mail?

  1. SMTP
  2. FTP
  3. HTTP
  4. None of the above

Ans: A

Q: Who invented the world wide web?

  1. Bill Gates
  2. Alan Tuning
  3. Tim Bernes Lee
  4. None of the above

Ans: C

Q: ______ allows storing and making web pages available

  1. Domain Name
  2. Porting
  3. Web Hosting
  4. None of the above

Ans: C

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

1
Leave a Reply

avatar
1 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
1 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
1 Comment authors
PRADIP KUMAR MISHRA Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
PRADIP KUMAR MISHRA
Guest
PRADIP KUMAR MISHRA

THANKS ,THIS IS THE VERY USEFUL KNOWLEDGE

anonymous creature
Guest
anonymous creature

yes it is

Imtiyaz Hussain Baba
Guest
Imtiyaz Hussain Baba

Hi

Stuck with a

Question Mark?

Have a doubt at 3 am? Our experts are available 24x7. Connect with a tutor instantly and get your concepts cleared in less than 3 steps.

Download the App

Watch lectures, practise questions and take tests on the go.

Get Question Papers of Last 10 Years

Which class are you in?
No thanks.