In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO CLASSES completely FREE to prevent interruption in studies
Basics of Computers

Hardware and Software

Hardware and software related questions are very common in computer aptitude exams. There is no fixed pattern from where you can prepare. Hence, it is important to know the basics. In this article, we will learn about the hardware and software parts of the computer.

Suggested Videos

Play
Play
Play
Arrow
Arrow
ArrowArrow
Coding Decoding Group of Words Coded as Numbers
Coding Decoding Numbers Coded as Numbers
Ranking II
Slider

 

Hardware and Software

Hardware and software form the main parts of any computing device. The physical parts of the computer make up the hardware, while the apps or programs is the software of any computing device. Furthermore, the hardware is often referred to as the machinery of the computer. Let us learn more about each of them.

“Want to see how smart you are? Want to exercise your brain? Click here for a wonderfully explained and lucid section of Reasoning Ability.”

Browse more Topics under Basics Of Computers

Hardware

Hardware and Software

Hardware is the ‘soul’ of the computer. It is the physical entity. Moreover, not every part of the computer hardware is visible to us. In fact, many hardware parts are internal. For example, hardware components such as motherboard, RAM and CPU are internal. Other examples of hardware include output devices such as printer and monitor. Input devices such as the keyboard and mouse. Also, secondary storage devices such as CD, DVD, hard disk, etc. are all hardware components of a computer.

Want to see how smart you are? Want to exercise your brain? Click here for a wonderfully explained and lucid section of Reasoning Ability.

Software

Software is the applications and programs of a computer. It is a set of instructions to perform the tasks. These instructions are given by a software developer. They are written in a way that a computer can understand it. Furthermore, if you design a program for a Linux operating system, it will only work for Linux systems. In short, a software designed for a particular hardware is not compatible with other hardware. For example, if we design software for Windows 7 then there might be a compatibility issue if we use it for Windows 10.

A software developer creates software using a high-level programming language. A high-level programming language is easy to read and understand for programmers. But a computer cannot understand these instructions. So, these instructions should be changed to ‘machine language’ which the computer understands. A machine language consists of instructions in binary code. So, when you are installing software, instructions are already in the binary form.

Computer hardware can only perform mechanical tasks. While software can perform several complex tasks. This is because the software provides means required to perform the tasks.

Furthermore, there are two types of software. Namely, system software and application software. An application software performs specific tasks for users. Examples of application software include a web browser, word processor, and other software that we install on our computer. On the other hand, a system software helps to run the computer system and its hardware. Examples of system software include device drivers, operating system, diagnostic tools and many more. As compared to the application software, the system software is always pre-installed on your PC.

Having trouble with concepts like DBMS? Have an important exam soon? Click here and start your preparations now!

How are hardware and software connected to each other?

The hardware and software of the computer are interconnected with each other. In other words, hardware cannot function without the software. As it requires supporting software to run. Hence, it is important to have the relevant software installed on the hardware to get the job done.

Furthermore, without the hardware, the software cannot perform the required tasks. Software development is considered expensive because it needs regular updates. Also, it is a continuing process. While hardware development is initially expensive but after that, there are no expenses. It is only a one-time expense.

Moreover, we can run different software programs on the same hardware. The software acts as an interface between the hardware and the user. We can say that hardware is the soul of the computer while the software is the heart of the computer. Both complement each other.

Practice Questions

In banking exams, we need expertise in all type of questions that can be asked. Here are a few questions for your practice. Remember these are only given so that you get a hold of it. Try and solve as many as you can.

Q. What is processed data is?

A. Input                B. Output

C. Data                 D. None of these

Answer: B

Stay updated and don’t get stuck in an exam. Prepare your General Awareness topics here.

Q. Full form of DTP?

A. Desktop publisher         B. Differential protocol

C. Dot-matrix printing      D. Desktop publishing

Answer: D

Q. What type of memory is RAM?

A. Main                               B. Internal

C. External                         D. Auxillary

Answer: A

Q. Out of the following keys which are not on the number pad?

A. Enter                            B. Ctrl

C. Del                                D. Num lock

Answer: B

Q. _____ manual instructs you on how to use the software.

A. Documentation           B. Help

C. Technical                      D.User

Answer: D

Click here to learn everything you need to know about the English Language.

Find all the topics of Reasoning Ability here!

We have the most complete syllabus of quantitative aptitude in one place for you! Click here

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

1
Leave a Reply

avatar
1 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
1 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
1 Comment authors
PRADIP KUMAR MISHRA Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
PRADIP KUMAR MISHRA
Guest
PRADIP KUMAR MISHRA

THANKS ,THIS IS THE VERY USEFUL KNOWLEDGE

anonymous creature
Guest
anonymous creature

yes it is

Imtiyaz Hussain Baba
Guest
Imtiyaz Hussain Baba

Hi

Get Question Papers of Last 10 Years

Which class are you in?
No thanks.