Difference Between in Biology

Difference Between Brain and Mind

The brain has many different parts that work together as a team. The mind is involved in remembering, considering, evaluating, perceiving, and deciding. Let us learn the difference between brain and mind.

Difference Between Brain and Mind

difference between brain and mind

Properties Brain Mind
Definition The brain is defined as a physical thing. The mind is defined as a mental thing.
Shape It has defined structure and shape. The mind do not have any shape and structure.
Production It is the production of blood vessels and nerve cells. It is hypothetical, it is not made of any cells.
Touch Yes, you can touch the brain as it is a physical thing. No, you cannot touch the mind.
Function It helps in coordinating, feelings, movements, and different functions of the body. It is just a person’s understanding and thought process.


The brain has many different parts that work together as a team. It consists of five parts, which are key players.

  1. Cerebrum
  2. Cerebellum
  3. Brain stem
  4. Pituitary gland
  5. Hypothalamus


The cerebrum is the biggest part of the brain, it is the thinking part of the brain. It helps in controlling the voluntary muscles. Voluntary muscles are muscles that move when you want them to. So you need your cerebrum to perform muscle activities.

The cerebrum stores your memory — both short-term memory and long-term memory. It also helps you to understand the benefits and losses in your life.

The cerebrum has two halves, with one on either side of the head, the right half helps in thinking about abstract things like music, colors, and shapes whereas, the left half is more systematic, it helps with logic, and speech.


The cerebellum is located at the back of the brain, below the cerebrum. It is very small as compared to the cerebrum, but it is a very important part. The main function is to control and balance, the movement, and coordination of your muscles to work together.

Cerebellum functions include your standing upright, balancing, and moving from one place to another.

Brain Stem

The brain stem is the small and mighty part of the brain. It is found beneath the cerebrum and in front of the cerebellum. The brain and the spinal cord are connected by the cerebellum. It supervises all the functions of the body which is required to stay alive, like breathing, digestion, and blood circulation.

The brain stem also controls involuntary muscles. These muscles work automatically, without you even thinking about it. These muscles are present in the heart and stomach. The brain stem commands your heart to pump more blood when required or your stomach to digest the food.

Pituitary Gland

The pituitary gland is very small in size. The main job is to produce and release hormones. These special hormones help in the growth. It plays an important role in puberty too. This is the time when human bodies undergo major changes. As boys ad girls slowly become men and women, this is due to the release of hormones by the pituitary gland.


The hypothalamus knows what temperature a human body should maintain. The temperature should be about 98.6°F or 37°C. If it is too hot, the hypothalamus commands your body to sweat. On the other side, if it’s too cold, the hypothalamus gets you to shiver. Both shivering and sweating is to get your body’s temperature back to normal.

Be Good to Your Brain

So what can you do for your brain? Plenty.

  • Eat healthy foods that contain vitamins and minerals. These nutrients are important for the nervous system.
  • Do a lot of functional activities, exercise.
  • Wear a helmet while riding or playing any outdoor sports to protect your head.
  • Don’t take drugs, alcohol, or tobacco.
  • Use your brain by reading, playing music, making art, brain games.


The mind is involved in remembering, considering, evaluating, perceiving, and deciding. It is also responsible for occurrences like desires, motives, choices, sensations, perceptions, emotions, memory, traits of personality, and the unconscious.

The mind consists of three different levels known as,

  • Conscious
  • Subconscious
  • Unconscious


It is the first level of consciousness which is based on immediate experiences. It depends on the response of senses, analyzing the information, and making decisions based on the collected information.


Subconsciousness is the next level that stores the information which is underneath our instant awareness. Such information may be recorded as memories.


Unconscious is much extensive as compared to our conscious awareness and is made up of natural desires. It impacts our behavior to a greater extent, even though we are not aware of it.

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3 responses to “Difference Between Bryophytes And Pteridophytes”

  1. Galadima says:

    thanks for in lighting us

  2. Olatunji Akinola says:

    Thanks for lighting me more this aspect

  3. Nneka chinedu says:

    Thanks for enlightening me more on this

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