The living organism consists of cells and tissues. They are both structurally present in all organisms and both have equal importance. The cells are an important part of the tissues, there are no issues without the cells and cell forms the different types of tissues in all multicellular organisms. A cell is mainly present in every living organism. Let us learn the difference between cell and tissue.
Difference Between Cell and Tissue
Let us unfold more key points of differences between the cell and tissue
|Definition||Cells are defined as the smallest, structural, and functional unit of an organism, which is characteristically microscopic.||Tissues are defined as the distinct types of material consisting of specialized cells and their products.|
|Visibility||Cells are microscopic.||Tissues are macroscopic.|
|Present||Cells are present in both unicellular and multicellular organisms.||Tissues are present only in multicellular organisms.|
|Types||Eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells. are the two cell types.||There are four main types of tissue- Epithelial tissue, Connective tissue, Muscular tissue, and Nervous tissue.|
|Consist of||The cells consist of different cellular organelles, including the nucleus, mitochondria, lysosomes, Golgi apparatus, etc.||The tissues consist of similar types of cells, specialized for a unique function.|
|Development||It is developed from mitosis and meiosis cell divisions.||It is repaired through regeneration and fibrosis.|
|Function||Cells function consists of Growth, metabolism, and reproduction.||Tissues have its own unique function.|
The cell is found in every living organism. It exists in every living creature. No organism exists on the planet earth without the cell. It is referred to as the smallest structural and functional unit of life. Thus, the cells are known as the fundamental unit of life.
These minute cells are responsible for every function carried out in the body.
The living organisms are further categorized into unicellular and multicellular organisms.
In this, some organisms are the unicellular organisms, consist of only one cell. Even though they are capable of performing all the life functions. The best examples of unicellular organisms include amoeba, algae, bacteria, fungi, Protista, etc. On the other side, multicellular organisms consist of different types of cells. These organisms have specialized functions. The best examples of multicellular organisms are animals, plants, human beings, birds.
Characteristics of Cells
The cells consist of the various vital characteristics as follows
- The structure and support for the body are managed by the cells of an organism.
- The cell interior is categorized into different individual organelles. These organelles are surrounded by a different membrane.
- The reproduction and growth of the cells are carried out by the nucleus. The nucleus is the major organelle that holds genetic information required for the growth and reproduction of cells.
- The cytoplasm of every cell consists of one nucleus and membrane-bound organelles.
- The transactions of the energy required for the survival of the cell is found in the mitochondria, a double membrane-bound organelle.
- The digestion of the foreign materials in the cell is done by Lysosomes.
- The endoplasmic reticulum plays a vital role in the synthesis of selective molecules. It also helps in processing, directing, and sorting them to their appropriate locations in the internal organization of the cell.
Types of Cells
Cells consist of various types of cells depending upon the different functions performed. It is divided into two main types based on cellular structure;
Tissues are defined as a bunch of similar cells. These cells are equally responsible to perform a specific function. The similarities are described based on structures and functions. The tissues are present in both plants as well as animals.
Types of Plant Tissues
Plant tissues are grouped into two types:
- Meristematic Tissue
- Permanent Tissue
Types of Animal Tissues
The standard function of organs is carried out by the collection of tissues linked to the structural units. The primary difference between the types of tissues depends upon the type of organism. It is further categorized as follows;
- Simple Permanent Tissues.
- Complex Permanent Tissues.
- Special or Secretory Tissues.
Animal tissues are categorized into four types:
- Connective Tissue
- Muscle Tissue
- Nervous Tissue
- Epithelial Tissue