In India, there are various development programs being run for the people. Amongst them, the child welfare programs have been at the center most. There have been many child welfare Programmes since Independence. Below is the list of few programs.
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Child Welfare Programmes
ICDS – Integrated Child Development Services
This program came into effect in 1975. Also, it is aimed at enhancing the nutrition, health, and learning opportunities of infants and young children (O-6 years) along with their mothers.
Scheme for the children of working mothers
This scheme came into effect in 2006. Also, the main aim of this program was the overall development of children, childhood protection, awareness generation, and complete immunization. Additionally, it spread among parents on health, malnutrition, and education.
Child Health and reproductive Programme
This scheme came into effect in 1951. So, the main aim was to provide quality sustainable Primary Health Care services to the women. Also, the women in the scheme were in the reproductive age group and a special focus on Immunisation and family planning.
Pulse Polio Immunization Programme
This scheme came into effect in 1995. Thus, the main was to eradicate poliomyelitis (polio) in India. So, it was done by vaccinating all children under five years of age against poliovirus.
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
This scheme came into effect in 2001. All children in school, Alternate School, Education Guarantee Centre, ‘ Back-to-School’ camp by 2003. While all children complete 5years of primary schooling by 2007, all children complete 8 years of elementary schooling by 2010 were considered.
Also, the focus was on elementary education for providing satisfactory quality with primary emphasis on education for life. Also, the bridge and social category gaps at primary stage by 2007 while at elementary education level by 2010.
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya
This scheme came into effect in 2004. Also, the main was to ensure the access of quality education to the girls that belonged to disadvantaged groups of society. So, it was done by setting up residential schools along with boarding facilities at the elementary level.
Mid-day Meal Scheme
This scheme came into effect in 1995. Here the main idea was to improve the nutritional status of children in classes 1 to 8 in Government, Government aided schools, Local Body and, AIE and EGS centers. Also, it encouraged poor children that belonged to disadvantaged sections.
They were advised to attend school more regularly and thereby helping them concentrate on classroom activities. Also, they were provided nutritional support to children in the drought-affected areas during summer vacation.
Integrated program for Street Children
This scheme came into effect in 1993. the aim was to provide provisions for nutrition, shelter, sanitation, health care, and hygiene. Additionally, they were also provided education, safe drinking water, and recreational facilities and protection against exploitation and abuse to neglected and destitute street children.
The National Rural Health Mission
This scheme came into effect in 2005. Also, the main was to reduce child and maternal mortality, sanitation and hygiene, universal access to public services for nutrition. Also, it included universal access to public health care services. Thus, the main emphasis was on services addressing children’s and women’s health universal immunization, etc.
Practice Questions on Child Welfare Programmes
Q. When was Integrated child protection scheme in India?
Answer: B. 2009-10