Amphibians are kind of animals that live in water as well as land. The term means double life which has evolved from the species of fish around 397 years ago in the Devonian period. Thus, you see that frogs and toads are members of the amphibian class. Moreover, they also share similarities and differences as well. Consequently, we will learn the difference between frog and toad in order to understand them better. Most importantly, many people use the terms interchangeably, which is not correct. They do share the same body layout and also jump, but they are different. Both of them belong to the same order- Anura, hence the same features.
Definition of Frog
Frogs come from the Ranidae family and have many subspecies. Moreover, these subspecies are present all over the world on every continent. However, Antarctica is the only continent in which frogs do not inhabit. While frogs and toads look the same from afar, there is a major difference between frog and toad. Frogs have moist and smooth skin. Further, frogs have teeth in their upper jaw. Most importantly, their eyes stick out farther than that of a toad. Finally, they have longer hind legs when we compare them to that of a toad.
Definition of Toad
Toads come from the Bufonidae family. They also have various subspecies and can be found all over the world on every continent except for Antarctica. They look similar in appearance to frogs with short, rigid bodies, wide head, two front arms, and two hind legs. However, if you take a closer look, they have major differences that help to differentiate them. The skin of a toad is dry as well as rough. Moreover, it has warts all over its body. Further, they do not have any teeth. In addition, the hind legs of toads are shorter when compared to frogs.
Difference between Frog And Toad
|Basis of Comparison||Frog||Toad|
|Skin||Moist and smooth||Dry, warty, and rough|
|Eyes||Bulging out||Don’t bulge out, poison gland behind them|
|Eggs||Laid in clusters, young live in water||Laid in long chains, young lives in water|
|Teeth||Vomerine teeth in their upper jaw||No teeth|
|Hind Legs||Long and powerful jumping legs||Shorter legs for walking or hopping|
|Food||Insects, worms, snails, small fish, spiders, etc.||Insects, slugs, grubs, worms and other invertebrates|
|Locomotion||Rarely crawl||Mostly crawl|
|Appearance||Lean and slender||Stubby and short|
|Tadpoles||Slim and gold in colour||Chunky and black in colour|
More details about Frog
Frogs lay their eggs on or very close to water. Moreover, female eggs will lay their eggs in water and the male frog fertilizes them. After that, they hatch into tadpoles and develop legs when they grow up.
As you know by now, frogs lay their eggs in clusters. Frogs are carnivorous and eat insects, worms, snails, spiders, and more. Their long and sticky tongue helps them in catching them.
Frogs prefer to live in water, mainly streams and ponds. It needs to keep its skin wet so it lives near a water source. Moreover, it remains active during the daytime and at night.
More details about Toad
Toads also lay their eggs on or very close to water. They lay their eggs in long chains. Further, many toad subspecies give birth to live young. In addition, they also have similar feeding habits to frogs.
Moreover, toads live on land, mainly in fields, woods, and gardens. Toads are nocturnal and sleep all through the day. It is solitary, however, they live in groups when they want to hibernate and during mating.
FAQs about Frog And Toad
Question 1: State one difference between frog and toad.
Answer 1: A major difference between frog and toad is that frogs are more aquatic whereas toads are more terrestrial.
Question 2: What is the lifespan of a frog and toad?
Answer 2: There is no difference in lifespan for a frog and toad. The average frog or toad lives for 7 to 14 years while some live to be 40.