Difference Between Heart Rate And Pulse Rate
Heart rate and pulse rate are different because a heart rate measures the heartbeats of the heart, whereas a pulse rate measures the rate of blood pressure. A heartbeat pushes the blood through the body. This causes a change in blood pressure and a pulse in the main arteries. In a healthy person, this means the heart rate is in sync with the pulse. For a person with heart conditions, the heart may not be capable of pushing blood through the body with each contraction. In such cases, a pulse is lower than the heart rate. Other factors that affect heart rate and blood pressure consist of obesity, medication, alcohol use, smoking, body mass. In many cases, the pulse is an effective way to measure heart rate. Let us understand the key differences between heart rate and pulse rate.
Normal, healthy, and average heart rates depend on the individual’s age, body mass, and fitness level. Other physiological, but not health-related, which activates heart rate includes the changes in the positions of the body and air temperature.
Each heartbeat creates an arterial blood flow pulse. In hot and humid climatic conditions, the heart may beat faster in response to the physical stress; even the cold climate may have the same effect. If a person is in a relaxed state or lies down for some time, the resting heart rate may decrease. When that person stands up or gets up quickly from the relaxed state, the heart rate may jump up as well to supply the now-active body’s needs.
Average Heart Rate and Pulse
Normal, a healthy individual with no habits of smoking and drinking heavily, and is fairly fit and not overweight, will have resting heart rates between 60 and 100 beats per minute (bpm). The average, healthy teenager also has similar heart rates as adults, whereas children under 10 years of age experience higher heart rates and pulses.
- Newborns (1-30 days old) = 70-190
- Infants (1-11 months = 80-160
- Toddlers (1-2 years old) = 80-130
- Preschoolers (3-4 years old) = 80-120
- Elementary Age (5-10 years) = 70-115
Athletes have the same range as others in their age group, but teens and adults who are extremely active and fit may have resting heart rates and pulses as low as 40 bpm.
If an individual’s pulse, equivalent to heart rate, is frequently above or below average for their health and fitness level, there are a variety of reasons behind this. Some variations are ascribed to positive factors, like good stress management and healthy activity. Other variations have negative factors, like excessive usage of medicines, smoking, and obesity can indicate a potential problem for heart health.
To fix these unhealthy variables, a person should do combinations of yoga body movement with meditation to improve core strength and decrease stress. Reducing the use of non-prescribed chemical influences and maintaining healthy body weight is also heart-healthy.
Beyond exercising for health and fitness, many different activities cause efforts, everything from sexual activities to standing up quickly from a flat position. In many cases, heart rate and pulse will never cross 220 beats/minute during these times, nor should that high of a heart rate be accepted for more than minutes based on activity level and duration.
Body Size, Mass, and Fitness
The pulse rate, or heart rates, may not fall in the normal range for a person who is very small and has an average fitness practice, or who is physically large but not overweight or unhealthy. This does not indicate any health problem; it is just a factor of body mass and, maybe corresponding heart size and vascular capacity.
However, if a person is overweight, this may force the heart to beat faster all the time, and this condition may lead to tachycardia. In such a condition, a heart rate is frequently 100+ beats per minute. This can result in heart and vascular damage, and even heart failure. On the other hand, especially extreme fitness levels may result in a person’s resting heart rate being as low as 40 bpm, or a regular resting heart rate below 60 bpm in someone who is not athletic.
Health Conditions and Obesity
Abnormal heart rates or pulses indicates, heart conditions, health problems, disease, and other disorders. Anyone concerned about his or her pulse and related heart rate should consult a doctor.
Prescription medicines, excessive illegal drugs, alcohol, smoking, and caffeine can affect one’s heart rate.
Anyone who wants to switch from a sedentary lifestyle to an athletic lifestyle, or who has heart and general health concerns, may benefit from monitoring pulse and heart rate. For most people, it is easiest to find the pulse in the wrist or on the neck, just below the jaw, groin, back of knees, stomach, and even on the inside and top of the foot.
To measure pulse and heart rate, place two fingers on the wrist or other pulse location and press until a beat is found. Count the heartbeats for 30 seconds, then double that number to get the pulse and heart rate per minute.
Alternatively, there are many heart rate (pulse) monitors primarily made for tracking pulse during exercise. Athletes find them useful for evaluating and adjusting fitness and stress levels. Such monitoring products include wristbands, armbands, and chest straps.