In view of the coronavirus pandemic, we are making LIVE CLASSES and VIDEO CLASSES completely FREE to prevent interruption in studies
Chemistry > Environmental Chemistry > Pollutants – Types, Examples, Effects
Environmental Chemistry

Pollutants – Types, Examples, Effects

Pollutants

We all know that the world is becoming polluted day by day. These harmful pollutants are responsible for this problem which is mainly caused due to human activities.

Pollutants are substances or materials which impact the environment and its creatures thereby hampering the quality of life. There are various types of pollutants present in the environment which have negative effects on the environment. The major are:

pollutants

Types of Pollutants

Water Pollutants

Water is greatly polluted these days and the harmful pollutants present in it are causing this. The runoff from industries, agricultural fields, and even urban areas contribute to it largely. For instance, the industrial waste consists of toxic contaminants which hamper the quality of water. Moreover, these pollutants also cause the growth of algae which results in choking of the aquatic plants. Other than that, it also brings down the levels of oxygen which is the basis for the survival of the species found underwater.

In addition, raw sewage is a major pollutant of water. It has a very negative impact on water quality and can cause a lot of deadly diseases. This happens because sometimes it mixes with drinking water supply posing a threat to life. Other than that, we have the trash which ends up in the water due to improper disposal. For instance, the plastic bags, bottles and more collect in the water causing the death of aquatic animals.

Soil Pollutants

Soil also has a lot of pollutants which makes it very tough for the soil to remain fertile. Again we have the industrial sources contributing to it. Moreover, there is no proper disposal of the toxic chemicals materials so they end up in the soil.

Moreover, some common examples of soil contaminants are asbestos, PCB’s, lead, pesticide, and herbicide overdose and more. Thus, there is a need to manage these hazardous pollutants properly at all.

Air Pollutants

The air we breathe these days is heavily polluted, more than ever. One of the major air contaminants

is burning fossil fuels. This happens due to factory emissions and the use of automobiles.

When one burns fossil fuels, smog gets formed as well as a thick layer containing particulate matter which encloses large zones in it. Furthermore, air pollution also contributes majorly to the respiratory problems which are lung cancer, bronchitis, asthma, and other lung diseases.

Other than that, the air contains contaminants like nitrogen and sulfur oxides which cause acid rain. These acid rains affect the forests negatively as well as the inhabitants of those forests. Furthermore, it also degrades the qualities of the monuments, outdoor statues, and our buildings.

Light Pollutants

Light pollution is also a very damaging type of pollution which needs to be emphasized upon. It means when there is a lot of light present in any areas, this generally happens in urban and densely-populated areas.

The light contaminants prevent the people from seeing the features of the sky at night clearly. In addition, it also obstructs the activities of nightly animals and the migration patterns of birds.

Noise Pollutants

Noise pollution is on the rise, especially in urban areas. Generally, humans and their activities make noises pollution. These noises are so loud they disrupt the quality and functioning of life.

These are horns of automobiles, loudspeakers, firecrackers, electrical appliances, and more. They hamper the movement of sea mammals like whales and dolphins. In addition, they also affect the nesting success of birds.

Solved Question for You

Question- Which of the following is not a noise pollutant?

  1. Loudspeakers
  2. Fertilizers
  3. Electrical appliances
  4. Firecrackers

Answer– The correct answer is option B. Fertilizers are soil and water pollutants, not noise.

Share with friends

Customize your course in 30 seconds

Which class are you in?
5th
6th
7th
8th
9th
10th
11th
12th
Get ready for all-new Live Classes!
Now learn Live with India's best teachers. Join courses with the best schedule and enjoy fun and interactive classes.
tutor
tutor
Ashhar Firdausi
IIT Roorkee
Biology
tutor
tutor
Dr. Nazma Shaik
VTU
Chemistry
tutor
tutor
Gaurav Tiwari
APJAKTU
Physics
Get Started

1
Leave a Reply

avatar
1 Comment threads
0 Thread replies
1 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
1 Comment authors
Shruti sinha Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
Shruti sinha
Guest
Shruti sinha

I didn’t understand why the topic does
not have the point to my q

jhghj,g
Guest
jhghj,g

i know right

Prince
Guest
Prince

Ri8

Aqwe Aa
Guest
Aqwe Aa

A

nasa
Guest
nasa

HMMM………..

Rob1
Guest
Rob1

CORONA IS FAKE BEER VIRUS

CORONAFAKE
Guest
CORONAFAKE

It Does,

BEER VIRUS FAKE

Get Question Papers of Last 10 Years

Which class are you in?
No thanks.