Difference Between in Biology

Difference Between Hypothyroid and Hyperthyroid

There certainly is a clear cut difference between hypothyroid and hyperthyroid. Furthermore, hypothyroid can give symptoms like tiredness, weight gain, and slowed metabolism. In contrast, hyperthyroid can give symptoms like weight loss, nervousness, muscle weakness, hand tremor, and irritability.

Definition of hypothyroid

Hypothyroid refers to a condition where a thyroid gland does not produce sufficient amount of important or crucial hormones. Furthermore, this condition may not produce the symptoms in the early stages. Moreover, the diagnosis of hypothyroidism can take place with accurate thyroid function tests.

Definition of Hyperthyroid

Hyperthyroid refers to a condition where a thyroid gland produces an excessive amount of the crucial hormone thyroxine. Furthermore, this shows the difference between hypothyroid and hyperthyroid, as the former is a condition of insufficient production of crucial hormones. Moreover, many treatments exist to treat the condition of hyperthyroid.

Difference between Hypothyroid and Hyperthyroid

difference between hypothyroid and hyperthyroid

                                                                       Difference between Hypothyroid and Hyperthyroid

Important difference between hypothyroid and hyperthyroid

Parameter Hypothyroid Hyperthyroid
Meaning A condition which happens when the thyroid gland is not able to produce a sufficient amount of the necessary thyroid hormones. Furthermore, this leads to improper bodily functions A condition in which there is excessive production of important thyroid hormones. Moreover, it has an effect on the normal function of the body.
Alternative name or term This condition is also known as an underactive thyroid This condition is also known as an overactive thyroid
Causes The causes of hypothyroid are- radiation exposure, autoimmune disorder, low-iodine diet, genetics, heart problems, chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis, medications of cancer treatment, and psychiatric conditions The causes of hyperthyroid are- thyroid nodules, ovary/testicle tumours, swollen thyroid, graves disease, and benign tumours in the thyroid or pituitary gland
Impact on hormones It causes a decrease in the secretion or production of hormones It certainly increases the production of necessary hormones
Hyperthyroid vs hypothyroid symptoms chart Its symptoms are low rate of metabolism, tiredness, weight gain, dry hair, hair loss, slow heart rate, goitre, depression, muscle cramps, carpal tunnel syndrome, sensitivity to cold, and muscle cramps Its symptoms are itchy red skin, shakiness, hair loss, feeling hot, running heartbeat, feeling worried, nausea, and loss of consciousness
Temperature intolerance Intolerance of cold Intolerance of heat
Diagnosis Tests Thyroid scan, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test, thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) test, and radioactive iodine uptake test Thyroid scan, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test, radioactive iodine uptake test, thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) test, T3 test and T4 test
Treatment Corrective observed iodine or synthetic thyroid hormone supplementation Beta blockers to reduce the symptoms. Another treatment involves anti-thyroid medication to slow or calm down the over-reactive thyroid

More Details About Hypothyroid

The hypothyroid condition may not produce significant symptoms in its beginning stages. However, once left untreated, it can cause a number of health-related problems. Furthermore, some of these problems can be heart disease, obesity, joint pain, and infertility.

Hyperthyroidism vs hypothyroidism TSH levels can certainly serve as an important criterion for differentiating between the two concepts. Furthermore, levels of normal thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) typically range between 0.4 and 4.0 milliunits per litre (mU/L). Furthermore, these values are in accordance with the American Thyroid Association (ATA).

Higher levels of the TSH levels is certainly an indication of hypothyroid, in other words, an underactive thyroid. In contrast, the lower levels of TSH is an indication of hyperthyroid, in other words, an overactive thyroid. Therefore, TSH levels serve as another difference between hypothyroid and hyperthyroid.

More Details About Hyperthyroid

Hyperthyroid is a condition that can accelerate the metabolism of the body. Furthermore, this condition can cause weight loss as well as irregular heartbeat. However, the good news is that once appropriate and timely treatment is provided, most people show a good response.

An important point to keep in mind is that older people are certainly more likely to have no symptoms or subtle symptoms with hyperthyroid. Furthermore, these subtle symptoms involve heat intolerance, increase in heart rate, and becoming tired with normal activities.

FAQs About Hypothyroid and Hyperthyroid

Question 1: Explain any one difference between hypothyroid and hyperthyroid?

Answer 1: One difference between hypothyroid and hyperthyroid can be with regards to impact on hormones. Furthermore, in hypothyroid, there is a decrease in crucial relevant hormones production. In contrast, hyperthyroid causes an increase in the production of crucial relevant hormones.

Question 2: What are the various diagnostic tests for hyperthyroid?

Answer 2: There certainly are various diagnostic tests for hyperthyroid. Furthermore, these tests are- Thyroid-stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) test, thyroid scan, thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) test, radioactive iodine uptake test, T3 test and T4 test.

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