Reading Comprehension

Fillers

In the IBPS and SBI eams, Fillers are a fairly new addition. We have already seen paragraph fillers where we saw paragraphs that were missing a line from them. Here we will see similar questions, we will fill out missing lines, words and more. Let us begin.

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Fillers

Let us first see an example of a paragraph that takes a filler word in each sentence. We will call this the type I examples. Let us see below.

Type I

In each of the questions below, the paragraphs are missing some words. Choose the words from the given options that best fit the blanks in the paragraphs.

Example 1: “No, no, he found it. Its owner is unknown. I beg that you will look upon it not as a battered billycock but as an __________ (1) problem. And, first, as to how it came here. It arrived upon Christmas morning, in company with a good fat goose, which is, I have no doubt, _______ (2) at this moment in front of Peterson’s fire. The facts are these: about four o’clock on Christmas morning, Peterson, who, as you know, is a very honest fellow, was returning from some small jollification and was making his way homeward down Tottenham Court Road.”

A) intellectual (1), roasting (2)

B) serious (1), dancing (2)

C) intelligent (1), cooking (2)

D) unpleasant (1), pecking (2)

Answer: Let us see the first filler. When reading the sentence, we see that there is a hint word “but” after battered billycock. This means that whatever goes in the blanks must be opposite in meaning to battered billycock. Also, the use of the article “an” rules out the option B). A billycock means a British feather hat, a battered billycock thus means a hat that has been overused or damaged. This phrase is for something that is unpleasant. This rules out option D).

Now out of the two options, C) and A) the blank (1) could be filled with either of the two. Thus we will look at the second filler. For the second filler, we see the goose is put on the fire. Thus it is roasting on the fire. Hence the correct filler is A).

Fillers

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Type II

In the questions given below, a paragraph has a missing sentence. The missing sentence is present below in the options. Select the correct option.

Example 2: In the 1960’s the government committees set out to change the condition of the marginalised sections of the society. As a result, numerous affirmative action schemes were announced. ___________________. Perhaps the problems are too intricate to be solved by a scheme. We need to change the way people think and behave.

A) These schemes were very successful.

B) These schemes worked on a very limited level.

C) It is a shame that none of it has been able to abolish the marginalisation from the society.

D) The schemes were not made for the rich and the affluent but for the poor and the needy.

Answer: The answer is C) It is a shame that none of it has been able to abolish the marginalisation from the society. Let us see how. Before the blank, we see that a number of schemes were announced. After the blank, we get a picture that these schemes didn’t work and we need to do something more. Thus we cancel A) and D) are immediate. Also, the option B0 talks of a limited scope of action while as our paragraph states that the schemes failed entirely. So the correct option is C).

Practice Questions

In the following questions, either a sentence or a word is missing. Pick out the correct fillers given at the end.

Q 1: “The further points, that he is middle-aged, that his hair is grizzled, that it has been ______(1), and that he uses lime-cream, are all to be gathered from a close examination of the lower part of the lining. The lens discloses a large number of hair-ends, clean cut by the scissors of the barber. They all appear to be adhesive, and there is a distinct odour of lime-cream. This dust, you will observe, is not the gritty, gray dust of the street but the fluffy brown dust of the ________(2), showing that it has been hung up indoors most of the time, while the marks of moisture upon the inside are proof positive that the wearer _______ (3) very freely, and could, therefore, hardly be in the best of training.”

A) (1) recently cut, (2) house, (3) perspired

B) (1) burnt, (2) factory backyard, (3) moved

C) (1) scratched, (2) road, (3) danced

D) (1) trimmed, (2) river, (3) cried.

Ans: A) (1) recently cut, (2) house, (3) perspired

Q 2: Then the toys in the store of Horatio Mugg began to have lots of (1) _____. They told stories, sang songs, made up riddles for one another to guess and played tag and hide-and-go-seek. They were allowed to do all this because it was (2)_____ and no one was watching them. But as soon as daylight came and Mr Mugg or Miss Angelina or Miss Geraldine or any of the customers came into the store, the toys must be very still and (3) _____.

A) (1) sweets, (2) school, (3) excited.

B) (1) food, (2) good, (3) sleepy.

C) (1) fun, (2) night, (3) quiet.

D) (1) sleep, (2) day, (3) calm.

Ans: C) (1) fun, (2) night, (3) quiet.

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