Economy

Countries And Currencies

Do you know how many countries are there in the world at the present? Almost every country has their own forms of money or currency. Why is it like that? The general awareness section has always had a few questions on this topic. In the following section, we have a list of almost all the countries and the important and respective currencies. We will also list the capitals of these countries. Let us start.

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Countries & Currencies

Let us start with an alphabetical list of countries, capitals and their currencies.

Currencies

A

Country Capital  Currency
Afghanistan Kabul Afghani
Albania Tirane Lek
Algeria Algiers Dinar
Andorra Andorra la Vella Euro
Angola Luanda New Kwanza
Antigua & Barbuda Saint John’s East Caribbean Dollar
Argentina Buenos Aires Peso
Armenia Yerevan Dram
Australia Canberra Australian dollar
Austria Vienna Euro (formerly schilling)
Azerbaijan Baku Manat

B

Bahamas Nassau Bahamian dollar
Bahrain Manama Bahrain dinar
Bangladesh Dhaka Taka
Barbados Bridgetown Barbados Dollar
Belarus Minsk Belorussian Ruble
Belgium Brussels Euro (formerly Belgian franc)
Belize Belmopan Belize dollar
Benin Porto‐Novo CFA Franc
Bhutan Thimphu Ngultrum
Bolivia La Paz (administrative); Sucre
(judicial)
Boliviano
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Marka
Botswana Gaborone Pula
Brazil Brasilia Real
Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei dollar
Bulgaria Sofia Lev
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou CFA Franc
Burundi Bujumbura Burundi Franc

C

Cambodia Phnom Penh Riel
Cameroon Yaounde CFA Franc
Canada Ottawa Canadian dollar
Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo
Central African Republic Bangui CFA Franc
Chad N’Djamena CFA Franc
Chile Santiago Chilean Peso
China Beijing Yuan/Renminbi
Colombia Bogota Colombian Peso
Comoros Moroni Franc
Republic of the Congo Brazzaville CFA Franc
Democratic Republic
of the Congo
Kinshasa Congolese franc
Costa Rica San Jose Colón
Cote d’Ivoire Yamoussoukro (official);
Abidjan (de facto)
CFA Franc
Croatia Zagreb Kuna
Cuba Havana Cuban Peso
Cyprus Nicosia Cyprus pound
Czech Republic Prague Koruna

D

Denmark Copenhagen Krone
Djibouti Djibouti Djibouti franc
Dominica Roseau East Caribbean dollar
Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Dominican Peso

E

East Timor (Timor‐Leste) Dili U.S. dollar
Ecuador Quito U.S. dollar
Egypt Cairo Egyptian pound
El Salvador San Salvador Colón; U.S. dollar
Equatorial Guinea Malabo CFA Franc
Eritrea Asmara Nakfa
Estonia Tallinn Kroon
Ethiopia Addis Ababa Birr

F

Fiji Suva Fiji dollar
Finland Helsinki Euro (formerly markka)
France Paris Euro (formerly French franc)
Gabon Libreville CFA Franc
Gambia Banjul Dalasi
Georgia Tbilisi Lari
Germany Berlin Euro (formerly Deutsche
mark)
Ghana Accra Cedi
Greece Athens Euro (formerly drachma)
Grenada Saint George’s East Caribbean dollar
Guatemala Guatemala City Quetzal
Guinea Conakry Guinean franc
Guinea‐Bissau Bissau CFA Franc
Guyana Georgetown Guyanese dollar

H

Haiti Port‐au‐Prince Gourde
Honduras Tegucigalpa Lempira
Hungary Budapest Forint

I

Iceland Reykjavik Icelandic króna
India New Delhi Rupee
Indonesia Jakarta Rupiah
Iran Tehran Rial
Iraq Baghdad Iraqi Dinar
Ireland Dublin Euro (formerly Irish pound
[punt])
Israel Tel Aviv Shekel
Italy Rome Euro (formerly lira)

J

Jamaica Kingston Jamaican dollar
Japan Tokyo Yen
Jordan Amman Jordanian dinar

K

Kazakhstan Astana Tenge
Kenya Nairobi Kenya shilling
Kiribati Tarawa Atoll Australian dollar
Korea (North) Pyongyang Won
Korea (South) Seoul Won
Kosovo Pristina Euro (German Mark prior to
2002)
Kuwait Kuwait City Kuwaiti dinar
Kyrgyzstan Bishkek Som

L

Laos Vientiane New Kip
Latvia Riga Lats
Lebanon Beirut Lebanese pound
Lesotho Maseru Maluti
Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar
Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar
Liechtenstein Vaduz Swiss franc
Lithuania Vilnius Litas
Luxembourg Luxembourg Euro (formerly Luxembourg
franc)

M

Macedonia Skopje Denar
Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy franc
Malawi Lilongwe Kwacha
Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Ringgit
Maldives Male Rufiya
Mali Bamako CFA Franc
Malta Valletta Maltese lira
Marshall Islands Majuro U.S. Dollar
Mauritania Nouakchott Ouguiya
Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee
Mexico Mexico City Mexican peso
Micronesia (Federated States
of Micronesia)
Palikir U.S. Dollar
Moldova Chisinau Leu
Monaco Monaco Euro
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar Tugrik
Montenegro Podgorica Euro
Morocco Rabat Dirham
Mozambique Maputo Metical
Myanmar (Burma) Rangoon (Yangon); Naypyidaw
or Nay Pyi Taw (administrative)
Kyat

N

Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar
Nauru No official capital; Government
offices in Yaren District
Australian dollar
Nepal Kathmandu Nepalese rupee
Netherlands Amsterdam; The Hague (seat
of government)
Euro (formerly guilder)
New Zealand Wellington New Zealand dollar
Nicaragua Managua Gold cordoba
Niger Niamey CFA Franc
Nigeria Abuja Naira
Norway Oslo Norwegian krone

O

Oman Muscat Omani rial

P

Pakistan Islamabad Pakistani rupee
Palau Melekeok U.S. dollar
Panama Panama City Balboa; U.S. dollar
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby Kina
Paraguay Asuncion Guaraní
Peru Lima Nuevo sol (1991)
Philippines Manila Peso
Poland Warsaw Zloty
Portugal Lisbon Euro (formerly escudo)

Q

Qatar Doha Qatari riyal

R

Romania Bucharest Leu
Russia Moscow Ruble
Rwanda Kigali Rwanda franc

S

Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre East Caribbean dollar
Saint Lucia Castries East Caribbean dollar
Saint Vincent and the
Grenadines
Kingstown East Caribbean dollar
Samoa Apia Tala
San Marino San Marino Euro
Sao Tome and Principe Sao Tome Dobra
Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyal
Senegal Dakar CFA Franc
Serbia Belgrade Yugoslav new dinar. In
Kosovo both the euro and
the Yugoslav dinar are legal
Seychelles Victoria Seychelles rupee
Sierra Leone Freetown Leone
Singapore Singapore Singapore dollar
Slovakia Bratislava Koruna
Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenian tolar; euro (as of
1/1/07)
Solomon Islands Honiara Solomon Islands dollar
Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling
South Africa Pretoria (administrative); Cape
Town (legislative);
Bloemfontein (judiciary)
Rand
South Sudan Juba Sudanese Pound
Spain Madrid Euro (formerly peseta)
Sri Lanka Colombo; Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte
(legislative)
Sri Lanka rupee
Sudan Khartoum Dinar
Suriname Paramaribo Surinamese dollar
Swaziland Mbabane Lilangeni
Sweden Stockholm Krona
Switzerland Bern  Swiss franc
 Syria  Damascus  Syrian pound

T

Taiwan Taipei Taiwan dollar
Tajikistan Dushanbe somoni
Tanzania Dar es Salaam; Dodoma (legislative) Tanzanian shilling
Thailand Bangkok baht
Togo Lome CFA Franc
Tonga Nuku’alofa Pa’anga
Trinidad and Tobago Port‐of‐Spain Trinidad and Tobago dollar
Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar
Turkey Ankara Turkish lira (YTL)
Turkmenistan Ashgabat Manat

U

Uganda Kampala Ugandan new shilling
Ukraine Kyiv Hryvna
United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi U.A.E. dirham
The United Kingdom London Pound sterling
United States of America Washington D.C. Dollar
Uruguay Montevideo Uruguay Peso
Uzbekistan Tashkent Uzbekistani Sum

V

Vanuatu Port‐Vila Vatu
Vatican City (Holy City) Vatican City Euro
Venezuela Caracas Bolivar
Vietnam Hanoi Dong

Y

Yemen Sanaa Rial

Z

Zambia Lusaka Kwacha
Zimbabwe Harare Zimbabwean Dollar

Practice Question

Q: What is the currency of Uganda?

A) Ugandan new shilling               B) Ugandan Dollar            C) Vatu                 D) Pa’anga

Ans: A) Ugandan new shilling

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